Sacramento County & Valley News



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Sacramento Transcript

May 21, 1850 

“OLD SETTLERS.” - We have had in our possession for some time past, a list of the early American pioneers of California, which we have intended to publish, and only delayed it hoping to obtain a letter descriptive of the party from one of their number. Now that California is becoming crowded with the same race, mixed up with delegations from all quarters of the world, it may be interesting to many to know who were the first band that penetrated the almost unknown wilderness lying between the shores of the Pacific and Mississippi valley. It will be seen that our respected fellow-citizen, Talbot H., GREEN, Esq. , was one of the company and Chas. M. WEBBER, Esq also, the proprietor of the town of Stockton.

The company left Independence, Missouri, May 10th, 1841, and arrived on the plains of San Joaquin, November 4th, of the same year. The following embraces the list:

*John Barttleson (Capt.)

§Charles Hopper

*Andrew Guynn Patten

§Joseph B. Childs   

§Nicholas Dawson

§Grove Cook

*Jacob B. Springer

§Michael Nye

*Joseph Henshaw

§James John

†Andrew Kelsey

‡V.W. Dawson

*Ambrose Walton

§Charles M Webber

§John Swartz

§John Rolland

*Welson McMahon

§Talbot H. Green

*Robert Rickman

§ Thomas Jones

§H.L. Brolaskey

§Josiah Belden

§D.W. Chandler

§Elias Barnet

*John McDowl

§John Bidwell

§Benjamin Kelsey

§Mrs. Kelsey, and child

‡Major Walton

§Henry Hever

§R.H. Thoms

†Wm. Belty

§Green McMahon


*Returned to the U. States

†Killed by the Indians


§Now in California

We may very properly add to this, notice of the fact that Peter G. Stewart, Esq., of Oregon, is at present in town, one of the first emigrants to Oregon, from the same point mentioned above (Independence.) Mr. S. was a member of the triumvirate executive power organized under the first provisional government of Oregon. These gentlemen all, very properly come under the head of “old settlers” on the Pacific shore. May what is left of them, live to see it emphatically “a great country.” [Journal of Commerce

Submitted by Betty Loose betty@unisette.com


Sacramento Transcript

Wednesday Morning June 12, 1850


  ARRIVAL OF OVERLAND EMIGRANTS - A gentleman who came down from Weaverville on Monday last, states that about forty emigrants arrived at that place on Saturday who have come from Missouri this spring by the Carson route. This party left Independence about the first of April, and came with pack mules. After they had been on their journey about ten days, they passed some six hundred teams, which had started on the journey before them. In crossing the mountains, the company often found the snow from fifteen to thirty feet deep, but is was so closely packed that mules’ feet only made a slight impression on it.

  The company arrived are all in good health, and it appears that they chose the best season to perform their journey. The animals are reported in good condition, and generally have been in good grazing. This accounts for the short time spent on the way. The average distance passed over per diem is over thirty miles. It is probable that last year’s experience by emigrants on the overland route will be the means of preventing much suffering this season, as those who follow the example of the former will set out, knowing the difficulties they will have to encounter and prepared to meet them.


                    FOUND DEAD - The dead body of a Chilean named Jacinto GAMBOA, was found lying in Seventh street yesterday, and an inquest was held upon it by the Coroner. Testimony was produced, showing that deceased had been sick in the same place for the last ten days.


  MURDER - Allen THOMPSON, from Arkansas, was murdered on Saturday night, 7th inst., in his tent on Jackson Creek, near the Mokelmne river. He was found upon the floor next morning, with a ball hole through his head, and his body cut in a horrible manner. An axe which belonged to the deceased was used for the latter part of the deed of blood. His purse, emptied of its contents, was left on the table, and from appearances the perpetrators of the crime sought only the gold. An inquest was held upon the body on the 8th, and a verdict rendered in accordance with the facts.


  THE MAILS - We are happy to see that since the return of Col. ALLEN, increased mail facilities are to be extended throughout the State. The Pacific News of day before yesterday says:

 “We have received a communication signed “Mezquete,” on the subject of the mails between this city and San Jose. The evil of which he complains, is already remedied - there being a tri-weekly mail now established between the two places, which has been in operation for the last week.

  We understand also, that upon the representation of the members of the government at San Jose, and citizens of that place generally, showing the necessity of a mail route from that town across to Sonora, the Agent of the Department is about to comply with their request. This will be gratifying intelligence to the various towns on the San Joaquin and its tributaries, as well as to the miners generally in that region.

  Post Offices have been granted to Marysville, James CUSHING, postmaster; and to Santa Clara, Fletcher COOPER, postmaster.”

  In addition to this, as we stated some time ago, a daily mail is about to be established between Sacramento and San Francisco, by the efficient mail agent Col. Allen.


                    From San Francisco

  DUEL - We learn that an affair of honor came off yesterday, near the Yerba Buena Cemetery, between two citizens whose names we understand to be TILLOTSON and KENNEY. The weapons used were pistols, and at the first fire, T. received his adversary’s ball in the leg just above the knee. We are unable to give the particulars of the affray.



  On the 9th inst., of typhus fever, Mr. JOHN A. SHELBY, formerly of Dallas county, Texas.

  The friends of the deceased can learn particulars by addressing Dr. POWELL, of this city.


  Port of San Francisco


 June 9th, ship Martha Tawne, 197 days from N. York; Eng. ship Kelso, Innis, 63 days from Hong Kong; bark Waban, Severin, 200 ds fm N. York; Fr bark Hercule, Barde, 8 months from Havre de Grace; Gov’t schr Major Lincoln, Lincoln, 20 ds from Monterey.


 Per Martha - Left at Valparaiso, brigs Condor and Colorado, bark Croaco, to sail for this port in a few days; ship Susan G. OWEN sailed for Talcahuana same day, for a cargo for this port.


  On motion of Gen WINN, the Law and Order Association adopted the following resolution:

  Resolved, That we look upon the title of Capt. John A. Sutter to the land on which Sacramento City is situated , and that land known as New Helvetia, to be perfect, right, and legal, and we will sustain it, until it is decided to the contrary by the Superior Court of the United States.

  By order of the Association:         T.J. WHITE, President

R.A. PEARIS, Secretary.


Submitted by Betty Loose betty@unisette.com



Sacramento Transcript

Thursday Morning, June 27, 1850


   MARYSVILLE - We are happy to see that Col. ALLEN, the special Mail Agent, has established a post office at this flourishing little town. James CUSHING, Esq., has been appointed Post Master. The steamer Gov. Dana still continues her daily trips up to Marysville; and the town is growing rapidly. It is without doubt the place of most importance among the up-river towns. As a trading point is has many advantages, and it is fast becoming to the Yuba mines what Sacramento City is to the entire northern and large part of the southern mines.


  THE ALPHA BATH HOUSE - We cannot refrain during these days from directing the attention of the public to the luxury of a cool bath to be procured at the excellent bathing establishment on the levee. The water is pumped fresh from the river every day, and a bath reinvigorates one to such an extent that the expense becomes a matter of no object. We perceive that apartments are now furnished for ladies. See the advertisements.


  JUDICIAL - Ex rel. Falen C. RUSSELL vs. Chas. C. SACKETT - Before his Honor, E.J. WILLIS, Judge of the County Court. In this case a writ of mandamus had been granted by his Honor in vacation, directed to Justice SACKETT, requiring him to grant a change of venue in a case pending before him in which such change of venue had been by him refused.

  On motion to quash the writ, the points made and argued by counsel for respondent were:

 1st. A. Judge of the County Court cannot grant a writ of mandamus in vacation.

  2d. Neither the County Court in term time, of a Judge thereof in vacation, is authorized to issue a writ of mandamus to a Justice of the Peace except in cases where it is necessary to the appellate jurisdiction of the County Court. The general supervisory control of Justices’ and all inferior courts, is vested in the District Court.

  3s. Writ of mandamus will not lie, when the party complaining has another specific legal remedy.

  4th. A writ of mandamus will not lie to control an inferior court in the exercise of a discretionary power.

  5th. The writ of mandamus was improperly issued; a rule to show cause not having been first entered.

  Various authorities were cited in support of each of the above objections.

  His Honor, Judge WILLIS, sustained the motion to quash the writ.

  J.H. McKUNE, Att’y in behalf of relator; E.J.C. KEWEN and F.W. THAYER, Atty’s for respondent.

  Heslep for pltff’s, in court below.


  SANTA ANNA - From an interesting letter in the Pacific News, written from Mexico, and dated May 25th, we make the following extract, containing news from Cartagena, up to April 12th:

 Cartagena, April 12, 1850 - General De Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna arrived by the steamer Fay, with his wife and children. His object was to settle Turbaco, but he found this place almost in ruins, and the fine country houses formerly occupied by the Spaniards, entirely decayed. He felt very much pleased with the splendid monuments of Spanish architecture, but he was not decided yet where he was going to remain. General Santa Anna had received a letter from Mr. Charles E. GREY, Governor of Jamaica, conceived in the most flattering terms.


  THE GILA IMMIGRATION - Captain John CHAPMAN and wife arrived yesterday from Santa Fe, New Mexico, via the Gila from Colorado rivers and San Diego. They left Santa Fe on the 16th of March last with a party of fifty, among whom were several families; Capt. C. and wife arrived in San Diego in 59 days. They endured great hardships, and were several times in jeopardy from the Apache Indians and afterwards from the Yumas, at the Colorado. Had Capt. C. not had a deal of experience in Indian fighting in New Mexico, when at the head of a mounted volunteer corps under special orders from Col. WASHINGTON, Civil and Military Governor of that district, he might have suffered much more. He was compelled to leave the greater portion of his party the other side of the Colorado and proceed as rapidly as possible to San Diego. At the ferry crossing they were deprived of almost every necessary in the way of blankets and food. The greater portion of his party had reached San Diego before Capt. C. left, and brought the most distressing accounts of the treatment experienced from the Indians. We hear of some difficulty between the emigrants and the officer in command at San Diego relative to dispatching a force to the Colorado, but we are not sufficiently well posted up in the particulars to recount them. It is very necessary that the contemplated plan of stationing a military force at the junction of the two rivers should be promptly carried out - [Alta


Submitted by Betty Loose betty@unisette.com




The Daily Transcript

Sacramento, California

Monday, September 30, 1850



Report of Mortality in this city for the week ending Sept. 28 - The record of deaths may be seen at the coffin ware-room of E.J. YOUMONS, on 4th street between H and K streets:

   Consumption - (transcriber's note - the numbers were cut off of the microfilm)

Typhoid Fever

Congestive Fever

Dysenteric Fever

_______ Fever

Diarrhoea and Dysentery



Disease unascertained


The majority of the deaths during the past week, have been at the City Hospital, among the charity patients, four-fifths of whom, we are informed, are newly arrived immigrants. We have made arrangements that will enable us next week to publish the names of all who die, with their former places of residence, and the length of time they have been in the country, so that the public can know the exact proportion of deaths that occur among those who bring disease with them.


ARRIVAL - Dr. COLLYER, with his celebrated troupe of Model Artists, have arrived in this city, and will exhibit this evening at the Pacific Theatre. They have given exhibitions at San Francisco, and more recently at Stockton, where they met good success and gave general satisfaction.


CONSQUALBULATION - On L streets, near the levee, a rich lead was discovered yesterday, a crowd soon collected with pans, and commenced taking the dirt from the middle of the street carrying it to the river to wash. The  washings paid well for some time, but the placer soon gave out. Some one had probably spilt a purse of gold on the spot.


CORONER’S INQUEST - The Coroner yesterday held an inquest on the body of A***hel N. LYNDE, formerly of the town of Essex, State of New York, who fell from the steam ferry boat Alpha, Saturday evening, while crossing the river, and was drowned. The body was not recovered till yesterday morning. The deceased was employed as a helmsman on the Alpha. He was about 28 years old.


Submitted by Betty Loose betty@unisette.com



The Daily Transcript

Sacramento, California

Friday, October 4, 1850



   Mr. George W. BROOKS, of Illinois, came to our office this morning after three o'clock, in company with some friends, known to us, and stated that he had been knocked down and robbed, about half a square from our building - on K street, between 3d and 4th. He was going to the house of a friend at nine o'clock last evening, and when passing 

that point, he was accosted by two men, to know the distance to the river. At that moment a third approached from behind, an dealt a heavy blow which felled him to the earth, where he remained in a state of unconsciousness until about two o'clock. Mr. B. has but lately arrived over the plains, and has sold his oxen yesterday. The robbers rifled his pockets of all he had, $400. Mr. B’s face and head were much bruised. This is the boldest attempt at robbery and murder that has yet occurred in our city. - At 9 o'clock in the evening, and on the most public street, J excepted, in the city.


STAGE ROUTES FROM SACRAMENTO CITY - Regular lines of stages have been established, and have, during the summer, been running from Sacramento, as a centre, out in all directions to the different mines and mining towns. These show the importance and the metropolitan character of our rapidly growing city no less than the long tiers of 

vessels which line each bank of the river opposite Sacramento. By means of these stage routes, crowds of passengers are daily arriving at and leaving our hotels. And, altogether, they add much life to our place. We are informed too, that all the lines are supplied with substantial teams for the transportation of merchandise.

   A daily line rums from Leals Missouri Hotel, on J street, to Stockton and the Southern mines. This is the line on which Reynolds & Co.’s Express runs.

   Towards the South-east a daily line runs, touching at Mormon Island, Coloma, Georgetown, Placerville, and other towns in that direction. This line is owned by J. BIRCH, Esq., and the stages start from the Sutter Hotel, on Front street. We see it stated in the Times, that a line of coaches also runs to the above named towns, leaving the Missouri Hotel. We understand that this line has been withdrawn from the route.

   Towards the East. Two tri-weekly lines of coaches start from the Missouri Hotel, and run to Auburn and the mines of the North Fork of the American River. These stages run on alternate days, thus forming a daily means of communication.

   Towards the North-east. A tri-weekly line runs from the Missouri Hotel to Nevada City, Rough and Ready, the Deer Creek and Yuba River Diggings.

   Towards the North. There are three lines of stages that connect our city with Nicolaus, Marysville, and the up-river towns. Two lines are tri-weekly, and start from the Missouri Hotel. As they run in conjunction, they form a daily means of communication for the citizens and the traveling public with those places. A third line runs daily from the Sutter Hotel.  The stages from this line stop, we understand, at the Crescent City Hotel, before departure from the city each day. 

This line takes Hawley & Co.’s Express.


Submitted by Betty Loose betty@unisette.com




The Transcript

Sacramento City

Friday, December 20, 1850


NEW INVENTION IN SHIPPING - A new invention by a Mr. JORDAN, of Liverpool, by which he proposes to substitute iron for the wooden framing of vessels is attracting a good deal of attention in that town. The inventor has taken out an American patent.


M. LAGRANGE, an apothecary at Paris, has invented a new and most  destructive kind of bullet, which, on striking any object against which it may be directed, explodes with a detonation as loud as  that of the gun from which it is fired, and produces a most destructive effect.




Per Steamship Sarah Sands, from Panama - Edward HARTMAN, Mrs. Edward HARTMAN, Mr. and Mrs. HOLDWORTH, Geo. LEVY, J.L. JANES, Wm. ANTONY, H.W. NOLTING, Mr. GUY, landed at Acapulco. Madame PLANEL, Dr. GAUTIER, Manuel COSCO, landed at Acapulco. Chas. E. BOWERS, S.L. COYE, Jas. BOWMAN, Mr. DAVID, Mr. DEVERSIER, J.H. ADLER, Mr. HIERCH, Jno PRICE, Hubert KING, James DAVIS, Joseph COLINRIDGE, Joseph MITCHELL, Robert BURNS, John EDDY, James GILLESPIE, Madame Antoine REBARD, Antoine REBARD and child, Wm. HILL, Wm. HETLY, John CRADDUCK, Daniel MUNAY, Patrick HENNEDY, Jas. MITCHELL, Wm. CLINSAI, John WILLIAMS, Geo PHILLIPS, Alex McCRACKEN, Richard BROWN, L. LEVY, Lorenzo DOW, H.W. SCHROBELL, B. SCHROBELL, Mr. ROCHER, Mr. BIGOT, Mr. PERMIT, Joseph DUNAGAN and servant, Nath?l P. HARDEN, Stephen B. HUTCHINGS, Wm. PIERCE, Green RUSSELL, Jas. SUTTON, Andrew BROWN, Wm. W. BAKER, Reuben C. CONNER, P.L. PITNER, Isaac MORRIS, Jas. SCHOEMAKER, R.B. McCUTCHEN, W.J. DUBOY, J.J. BURT, Benj. BARTON, Jas. BARKER and servant, John BARKER, E.B. GIBBS, Cornelius HOYT, Dan?l WEARER, Mrs. DEDROS, Louis RAPER.



SUICIDE - The Coroner held an inquest yesterday on the body of Joseph DOUGLASS. The verdict rendered was that "He came to his death by his own act, when under a deranged state of mind, caused by intemperance - he cutting his throat in two places with a razor." Deceased had been in the American army.


DISCOURAGING - A circumstance happened yesterday ominous of a result of the election on Saturday net, disastrous to the whigs. The Fates have foremarked success for the democrats, and the whigs will of course see the utter folly in spending their money and time.

   Mr. SKINNER, who keeps a bakery on Second street, has for some days past been troubled by a very mischievous, undermining and deceitful something of the nondescript order - to say the least, it was nowhere to be found upon any platform, or in fact anywhere in broad day light, where people could see what it was. Yesterday, however, Mr. SKINNER caught this sly creature napping, and is was forthwith disposed of. On examination it was found to be a genuine coon. Whether it has been skinned or not we have not learned from Mr. SKINNER. But we would inform our whig  friends that the coon is already on his back, and his tail can probably be procured by calling at the bakery on Second street.


A TALL PRICE - Living costs a deal of money at some of the diggings, although the winter has not yet fairly set in. Flour is selling at  $2.40 per pound at the Rich Bar on feather river, about seventy-five miles from Bidwells' Bar.



Submitted by Betty Loose betty@unisette.com





The Transcript

Sacramento City

Saturday, December 21, 1850






   Per Truscott - Mr. and Mrs. MYERS, Messrs SMITH, Tindall and E. GORHAM.

   Per Powhattan - Mrs. KELLY and 3 children, Mr. and Mrs. LARKINS, Mr. and Mrs. ELDER.

   Per Venezuela - Dr. R.B. IRONSIDE.


Submitted by Betty Loose betty@unisette.com


Sacramento Transcript

Wednesday December 25, 1850 

“HOLE IN THE WALL” - The proprietor of this establishment has burnished his wares, and extended his apartments, as will be seen by a card in another column. It is now a fashionable resort and deservedly popular. A large urn of Christmas drink (egg-nog) is in waiting this morning. 

FOR THE KLAMATH COUNTRY - The propeller Chesapeake, says the San Francisco Herald, left our port on Saturday afternoon, on a trip to Oregon, carrying a representation of thirty, from a large company recently formed in this city, for the purpose of testing the reported richness of a portion of the Klamath country, in golden deposits. The Chesapeake was chartered for the purpose, at an expense of about $10,000. Many energetic and persevering men have entered into the expedition, whose researches will likely result benecially to the community generally, if not to themselves. There has been stock pledged in the enterprise to amount of $150,000; so it will be vigorously prosecuted, no doubt. 

MEDAL RETURNED - Several weeks ago one of the Alderman called repeatedly at Mr. WOODRUFF’s in order to get his medal; he wanted his medal; it was his and he would have it. At last he got it, but strange to say, on Friday he sent the pretty toy back to the goldsmith. The jeweler, however, refused to receive it, and thus the Alderman will find himself compelled to pay for the medal that he “wanted” and “would have.”  

MURDER - On Sunday night last, at Digby SMITH’s Ranche, were found the bodies of three murdered men, two of them proving on investigation, to be Digby SMITH and partner, each pierced with two balls, and the third, a stranger, having his head split open. It is yet unknown if robbery was committed also, as the tenements were consumed. It is surmised that the stranger was one of the attacking party, and lost his life in the struggle that ensued.

Submitted by Betty Loose betty@unisette.com

The Transcript

Sacramento City

Saturday, December 28, 1850


INVALIDS - SENDING THEM HOME - Dr. SPALDING from the Committee on Hospitals and Sick, reported to the Council that there were four cases in the City Hospital which were deemed incurable, and suggested the expediency of having them sent to their homes on the Atlantic side.  Dr. Mackenzie thought it advisable that they should be sent home. They could be sent for $150 apiece, and it will cost that much for each of them in one month at the City Hospital, so that on the score of economy, without taking humanity into the question, it would be advantageous to the city to ship them. Dr. M. moved that the Committee have power to send them home on the most advantageous terms to the city. Two of the patients have been in the Hospital since May last, and two since July, and have cost the city, we understood Dr. S. to say, some three or four thousand dollars already. The question was subsequently changed so as to apply for their admission into the State Hospital at San Francisco, and in the event of failing to procure admission, that then they be shipped. After the discussion the subject was laid on the table.


Upon the arrival of a steamer from Sacramento on Monday, a lone female, young and beautiful, was observed sitting on the wharf, with two interesting children, both girls. The mother seemed by sobs to labor under grief of a poignant nature. Yet but few took any notice of her. At length a poor decrepit object stole to her side, and stealthily dropped a (not legible) in her hand, with a look that spoke more than words. The mother of the little ones bestowed a look of gratitude on her benefactress. Upon the suggestion of one of the  bystanders, a subscription was taken up for her relief. It appears the lady had recently arrived in our city and was in search of her husband, whom she is unable to gather any tidings of. She gave her name as Mrs. Julia DEVOE, the name of her husband as Wm. S. DEVOE, and represents herself as from Banger, Maine. Information left at the 

office of the locality of the husband, will be received by the afflicted wife and feeling of gratitude. - [Balance.


A NEW SCHOOL HOUSE - Within the next ten days a suitable edifice for a public school will be erected in the environs of San Francisco. Doct, Lovring TOOKER made a Christmas present of a beautiful lot of ground, as the site for the building. Is there not some one in Sacramento who will make a similar present on New Year’s, provided some neighborhood would agree to build a house thereon. There are a large number of youth in this city, and it is high time some more efficient steps were taken to provide for their education.


NEW PORT OF ENTRY - A petition has been circulated in San Francisco, memorializing Congress to create a port of entry at Humboldt Bay. The extensive mineral and agricultural resources of the portion of California and Oregon which extend up and down from the bay, will doubtless in time build up a large city some where in that vicinity.

Submitted by Betty Loose betty@unisette.com


The Transcript

Sacramento City

Tuesday, January 16, 1851


Suicide of Mrs. Hambleton, and attempted Suicide of Mr. Coad.

   We regret to learn by this morning's boat that the popular actress, Mrs. HAMBLETON, has committed suicide. The following account we take from the Alta:

   We regret to announce that Mrs. HAMBLETON, the favorite actress, who has proved of late so attractive at the Jenny Lint Theatre, committed suicide yesterday afternoon at her residence, by taking poison. The circumstances which led to this unhappy tragedy have been detailed to us, and are substantially to the following effect. It appears that the alliance between Mr. and Mrs. HAMBLETON was not of a happy character, and that the latter had conceived an ardent attachment to a member of the company, Mr. COAD, who returned it with equal ardor. They had, however, determined from prudential reasons to refrain from meeting each other or conversing until some opportunity should occur when they  could unite their destinies.

   Matters had remained in this state some days,  up to yesterday, when Mr. HAMBLETON, who has been jealous of his wife for some time, and, it is said, not treated her well, charged her with having bestowed her affections on another. He informed her that if she would tell him who the individual was, he would consent to a separation, and permit her to take object of her choice. She informed him that it was COAD, whereupon he brought that person into her presence, and told him that if he did not consent to leave he would blow his brains out or mingle their blood together, or made some threat of that character. COAD consented to go and left.

   Mrs. H. probably under the impression that he had deserted her, and been trifling with her affections merely, immediately swallowed a very large dose of some powerful corrosive poison. Medical aid was sent for as soon as it was discovered, but in about ten minutes she died. As soon as the fact that the object of his affections had poisoned 

herself was made known to COAD, he purchased a quantity of what he supposed to be the same kind of compound, and attempted to poison himself. An emetic was administered soon after, and at last accounts he was doing well, although suffering severely. No criminal conduct is attributed to the deceased, even by her husband. In consequence of this unfortunate  event there was no performance at the Jenny Lind theatre last evening.


   A complimentary benefit is to be given to Mr. STARK.

   The Unicorn took the Northerner’s place and left yesterday afternoon with the mail.

   Mr. MEREDITH is no longer connected with the Pacific Mail Steamship Company.

   Ex-Governor BURNETT is in San Francisco.

   The parties engaged in the late duel were to be arraigned before Recorder TILFORD yesterday afternoon at 2 o'clock.


LOSS OF THE BARQUE HOPE - The Barque Hope, Capt. Wm. W. MORDALL, from Newcastle, bound to Panama with coals, went ashore at the south of the island of Chiloe. She had been out 154  days from Falmouth, on the 18th of September, having encountered hail, snow and rain. Being then on allowance for water, the captain made for the south end of Chiloe.  During their exertions to procure water at that anchorage, the wind came on heavy from the north, and the barque was driven ashore on the 21st of October. The launch was then decked over and rigged, and in it the crew came to San Garios, arriving Nov. 2d. The vessel was a total loss.


THE FLOUR INSPECTOR - To show how general is the disapprobation of the business community on the subject of a Flour Inspector, we append the following protest, signed, as will be seen, by many of the most active of our business men, as well as the largest dealers in produce:

To the Honorable the Common Council of Sacramento City:

   We, the undersigned, merchants and dealers in Flour, do hereby represent, that we are opposed to any ordinance being passed, making it compulsory on us to submit our Flour to the inspection of any other party than the purchasers.


   Sacramento City, January 14, 1850





Freeman McGILVERY,

S.B. BIRDSALL & Co. pr F.B,

Alderman, White, Whitman






HORT Brothers,


Lady ADAMS Co,








Peter J. BROWN,


G.P. POST & Co.,





Isaac R. MORGAN,

 J.N. BROOKS & Co.,

W. SEAMAN & Co.,








Submitted by Betty Loose betty@unisette.com


The Transcript

Sacramento City

Friday, January 17, 1851


District Court, Sacramento County

January Term (16th) 1850


   E.J. SMITH &c vs. Daniel G. WHITNEY - Judgment by default for $500 with interest.

   E. ROSE vs. Daniel G. WHITNEY - Judgment by default for $365 with interest.

   Stephen C. BROWNELL & Co. vs. Henry E. SMITH - attachment awarded plaintiff vs. E. J. ARMSTRONG, garnishee, to compell answer.  Returnable to-morrow.

   Henry G. ABBY vs. Sauren JENNERS - Judgment by default, made final

   L.M. & E.C. BARNES, and W. ORR vs. Sauren JENNERS - Judgment by default, made final.

   Aldin S. BAILEY vs. George W. CRUMMERY - Judgment by default, made final, for $6,000 and interest.

   DENNING & HOY vs. John S. FOWLER - Judgment by default, made final, for $366 and interest.

   Reuben MYERS vs. Daniel G. WHITNEY - Judgment by default, made final, for $261.32

   W.K. BURBRIDGE vs. John S. FOWLER - Judgment by default, made final, for $228 with interest.

   David P. FOOTE vs. Benj R. NICKESON.

   Same vs. same. Default entered.

   F.M. BAKER vs. John P. ROGERS - Confession of judgment for $2266.75.

   Nelson HOUSTON vs. W.R. McCracken &c - Final judgment against John S. FOWLER for $800 with interest.

   Daniel V.B. HENARIE vs. A.C. LIGHTFOOT &c.- Judgment by default, made final, for $1,989.61 with interest.

   H.M. HENSE vs. F.R. STARR & Co. - Plaintiff failed to appear, and nonsuit.

   James CHILES &c. vs. B. LEE - Judge refused to adjudicate.

   ARGENTI & Co. vs. B. LEE - Judge refused to adjudicate.

   John COOK vs. Gideon B. STEPHENS - Judgment made final for $500 with interest.

   Samuel BRANNAN vs. John S. FOWLER - Final judgment.

   James KING, of William, vs. Thomas A. WARBASS &c. - MUNSON for Plaintiff - LATHAN, HAGGIN, EDWARDS &c. for Defendants. - Case submitted to Court and judgment for Plaintiff for $8,000 with interest.

  People vs. S.S. MEEKER - Case dismissed by Court.

   Albert RICHARDS vs. M. HANCOCK &c - Defendant discharged from arrest.


TO THE HOMEWARD BOUND - The fare has been reduced so materially by Law’s Line, that it will not be long before we hear of pleasure trips being made to the Atlantic States. Wedding parties will make the trip just as they do in the old States, in taking the grand rounds, via Saratoga, Bedford, Greenbriar, &c. The homeward bound can now take passage from San Francisco to Panama for $100 in the forward, and $150 in the after cabin. A passage can be taken through to New Orleans, in the after cabin, for $225; and to New York for $250; - whilst a forward cabin will only cost $140 to New Orleans and $150 to New York.  At such rates there  are but few who cannot return to the Atlantic 

side whenever they have the disposition to leave California. - The mass here, however, are loth to give up their residence for that of any other in the Union.


THE NAMES OF THE DROWNED - We have heretofore adverted to the fact that five men were drowned in the Chagres River on their road home, by the upsetting of a boat, about the 10th of November. The names of these are given as Capt. Wm. VROOM, John HOLLAND, and ____ HUDSON.  Another gentleman, Capt. BETTS, was also in the boat but escaped with his life, losing $1,500 by the disaster.


THE SUICIDE OF MRS. HAMBLETON - We published yesterday morning the suicide of this lady. The following letter we find in the Picayune, from the husband of the deceased:

   "Ye that would have obedient wives, beware of women’s kind, officious counsel."

   TO THE PUBLIC - The suicide and melancholy bereavement of all that made my life worth the keeping, together with the many false statements of unhappiness existing between myself and the late Mrs. HAMBLETON; statements emanating from the first and only cause of the fatal occurrence, induces me to vindicate myself, and show the public the true side of the picture.

   Had man asked of Almighty God a boon for his comfort and happiness through life, he would have said give me such a mate as this. For six years of struggling hardships, through poverty and sickness she was at my side night and day, with the same watchful attention as a mother would bestow on a sleeping infant until within the last two months a 

change had taken place like a black cloud overshadowing the bright sun. She gradually lost all affection for me, riveting her attention on a female friend - who, like a fascinating serpent, attracted her prey until within her toils. In silence I observed this at first, and deemed it trifling, until I saw the plot thicken. The young man named COAD was shortly afterwards engaged at the theatre - the serpent sting had in a few days struck home. The only hours she was out of my sight were spent in the dressing room with Mrs. KIRBY, who now moulded her to her will. In vain I reasoned with her to leave the theatre; she was never happy unless in the dressing room with her friendly destroyer. 

At length the became perfectly insane. While reasoning with her previously to her decease, she became hysterical, telling me for God sake to leave her - she had formed an attachment for Mr. COAD, but she would never deceive me. Seeing she was not in her senses, I begged her to take a walk down to her friend Mrs. HOGAN, wishing to bring her in contact with a sensible person, and one of her own sex.- She refused. I then went down stairs, and told Mrs. SMITH to send COAD from the premises, to which Mr. COAD consented. When I returned to her room, she was in a state of hysterical madness, exclaiming to Mrs. SMITH, who came up at the time – “It’s all my own fault, it’s all my own 

fault.” I then went down to write a note to Mr. STARK, of her inability to play that evening. When I returned as I opened the door, she held a tumbler in her hand, pointing to some chemicals, which, for want of room in the house, I had under the bed, and said: “There, I have drunk enough solution to kill a hundred men.” When I saw what she had taken, I ran downstairs, enquiring for a stomach pump; for I knew it was deadly poison. The chemist from over the way came up, but it was too late.

   I therefore, from my heart, attribute the cause of insanity to the evil councils of Mrs. KIRBY, and forgive the young man COAD, whose every action I have most acutely, though silently watched. For he was a victim as well as my poor wife.                     JOHN HAMBLETON.


ACCIDENTALLY SHOT - The Coroner held an inquest, yesterday morning, at the City Hospital, on the body of a young man named David ALMAN, aged 21 years, who came to his death by the accidental discharge of a gun in the hands of the mate of the British ship Bolton Abbey. The mate was engaged in shooting ducks from aboard the ship, and had fired once, toward, and was going aft, when the gun went off, and a heavy load of duck shot entered the forehead of the young man, causing his death in an hour afterwards. The deceased was a native of Liverpool, where he has a mother residing. The verdict of the jury was in accordance with the above facts. -[News.


Submitted by Betty Loose betty@unisette.com


The Transcript

Sacramento City,

Thursday, January 23, 1851



THE CITY POLICE - Mr. BERRY stated to the Council last evening that there were about eight hundred applications for admission as members of the City Police. There are only some dozen or fifteen situations to be filled.


District Court, Sacramento County

January Term, 1851

Judge ROBINSON, Presiding.

   O. HEALEY's fine remitted and excused from attendance until Monday next.

   Edward HIGHTON excused from attendance until the same date.

   Abram HISS, plaintiff, vs. Samuel HEYMAN, defendant. Order of publication for six months.

   Stedman PENROSE vs. A.P. PETIT &c - The city restrained from paying over money to PETIT, and J.H. MACKENZIE, appointed receiver.


   Jno H. SCRANTON vs. same

  George S. REYNOLDS, vs. same

   P.H. SHARTZ vs. PERRIN & DIDGE. Dismissed on motion by plaintiff.

   Keithley TRUMBO & Co. vs. M. CUNNINGHAM. Jury rendered verdict for plaintiff for $394.37.

   DEWITT & HOWISON vs. Wm. H. CROWELL & Co. Jury rendered verdict for plaintiff for $580.69.

   D.V.B. HENARIE & Co., vs. Dan’l G. WHITNEY. Jury, and verdict for plaintiff for $937.50.

   People vs. Charles CURRIER, Charles HULL and Isaac FORD, alias Isaac F. MARTIN - Horse stealing. True bill presented at the present term. Separate trials granted defendants, and Jury, and acquittal of FORD alias MARTIN. Jury, and a verdict of guilty as to Charles CURRIER, and imprisonment for two years. The case of HOFF is being 

argued before a jury at this time.

   Grand jury appeared in court with three additional indictments, and not having completed the business before them, returned to their room.


Submitted by Betty Loose betty@unisette.com


Sacramento Transcript

Saturday January 25, 1851 



January Term, 1851



Walter SUTHERLAND vs. Daniel G. WHITNEY; Ward & Blair for plaintiff - Judgement for plaintiff for $501.42, with interest on principal of note from 24th January 1851.

James KING of William vs. Thomas A. WARBASS and others - Leave granted defendant HENLEY to file amended answer.

Jno PEYTON vs. S.S. BROOKS & C.E. PICKETT - Judgement made final against PICKETT.

E.F. GILLESPIE vs. B.R. NICKERSON - Order of publication for 6 months.

Chas E.G. MOORE vs. Jno NICHOLS __ ___CLARK, garnishee answered; he owed the plaintiff $450, and restrained from paying over; and order publication for 6 months.  

People vs. Mathew KEITH - Demurrer argued, and overruled.

J.K. CORWIN, etc., vs. E.F. NORTHAM - Dismissed.

Joseph WALKER’s administrators vs. CORNWALL; T.J. HENLEY for etc., vs. Bigelow & Lee; Jas KING of William vs. Bigelow and Lee; Saml FOSTER vs. Bigelow & Lee - Judge refrained to adjudicate the certified, etc.

Barton Lee, etc., vs W.W. BURNETT, etc - Judgement, and order sale.

N Proctor SMITH vs. R. SAMPLE - Judgement final.

A.A. DYER vs. B. LEE & STEARNS - Judgement final.

People of California vs. James BROWN - Horse stealing; jury, and verdict of imprisonment 4 yrs.

People of State of California vs. Jonathan HERNDEN - horse stealing, verdict of guilty, and imprisonment 18 months.

Trial Jurors discharged, and Sheriff ordered to summon pannel for Monday .

People vs. Alfred SMITH and Joseph BALDWIN - Joseph Baldwin surrendered by bail, and ordered to be placed in Prison ship. 



Tuesday, Jan. 21

The resolution by which Mr .SAUNDERS was declared entitled to a seat as Representative from Butte county, was taken up.

The ayes and nays being taken, were: ayes 27, nays 6.

Mr. FIELD then moved a resolution allowing to Wm. C. SMITH, contestant in the above election, his mileage and per diem pay till date, and the resolution passed nearly unanimously.



Mr. WILKINS moved the following substitute for the resolution offered yesterday: First clerk $24; assistant clerk $22; engrossing clerk $22 ;enrolling clerk $22; sergeant-at-arms $20; doorkeeper $16; messenger $16; porter $10. Ayes 23, nays 9.

The usury bill, as read and amended yesterday, was read a third time, and finally passed.

A message from the Senate informed the House that they had passed a bill for the protection of the citizens of Mariposa county, against Indians. This bill was read once, and Mr. CRANE moved that it be referred to a committee to report instanter.

The previous question was moved and carried. The bill was read a second time, and time granted the committee till to-morrow morning, in which to report.

The House then (8 minutes after 9 o’clock, P.M.) Adjourned. 


The Transcript

Sacramento City

Friday, January 25, 1851


APPLICATION FOR A STATE HOSPITAL - Dr. SPALDING offered a resolution last evening in the Council, requesting the Chairman of the Law Committee to draft a memorial to the Legislature, asking for the establishment of a State Hospital in this city, and setting forth in detail the necessities for establishing such in institution at this 



ANOTHER MURDERER AT LARGE - The Coroner held an inquest yesterday morning on the body of a man, found floating at the Ferry, foot of J street. The body was completely denuded, with the exception of a shirt, and a silk neckerchief around the neck. The men was shot about the left collar bone, and must have died at once, as he still had a chew of tobacco in his mouth.- The wound was large, indicating the murderer to have been close at hand when he fired. The deceased was about forty years of age, and from the condition in which the body was found, must have been killed several weeks ago. No one could identify the murdered man; and the jury rendered a verdict, that he "came to 

his death by a gunshot wound, on the thorax, by some person or persons unknown."



Several gentlemen of this city, who propose going to Scott's river, purchased early in the week, a number of  mules, from some persons who offered them on advantageous terms. The sale had not been made more than a day, before an owner for the mules appeared, and reclaimed them. We understand that the persons who sold them were afterwards recognized - the security of one of them was in company, intending to deliver him up. Having dismounted at the Humboldt, both prisoner and security were about entering the house, when the former wheeled, jumped on his friend’s, “the security’s” horse, and made off. The security, (a Mr. BERRY,) gave the alarm, mounted on a mule the 

prisoner had left, and was soon in full chase. He was quickly joined by a large number of others, who rode at Gilpinlike speed, but the runaway thought  it was “neck or nothing,” and being well mounted, and having a few minutes start, he made the most of it. He took the road towards Sutterville, and when a short distance below that place, he 

found the race was waxing rather tight, and he concluded to try legbail. He threw himself suddenly off and made for the bushes. The pursuing party soon came up, but the overgrowth was of such a character as to defy all their attempts to “hustle him out” of his quarters.

   It has been stated to us that a new rope has been purchased - the noose already made - one end of the rope thrown over a limb - and all other preparatory work for dispatching the case according to Judge Lynch's most approved rule, should be he taken.


HORSE STEALING - Justice SACKETT had several persons before him, yesterday, charged with stealing mules from Centreville, in El Dorado.  The mules were found in Calaveras county. After a hearing, they were sent on board the prison brig, to await trial before the District Court.


Submitted by Betty Loose betty@unisette.com


The Transcript

Sacramento City

Saturday, January 26, 1851


FIRE ENGINE - The superb engine received a few days since by Messrs. FOLGER  & CLIFT, will be tried to-day at two o’clock at the foot of J street. A company of men have volunteered to man her, and we have no doubt she will work admirably.


TWO NEW BANKING HOUSES - PAGE, BACON & Co. have established a Banking House on J street, between 4th and 5th; and Messrs. BEACH, WELLS & Co., have also located in this city. We wish the new establishments all that success which enterprise and attention to business is certain to receive.


STOLEN STOCK - Between thirty and forty head of cattle, mules and horses, have been recently taken from a gang of thieves, and left on a rancho about twenty-five miles from this city; among them are some very fine animals. If not claimed before the first of February next, they will be sold to pay charges. Any further information may be 

obtained of Mr. Carroll  ISH, Dry Creek, on the road to Stockton.


THE REWARD OF HORSE THIEVING - The case of Jonathan HERNDON, charged with horse-stealing, was taken up by the District Court yesterday. The jury rendered a verdict of guilty, and he was sentenced to eighteen months imprisonment.

   James BROWN was also tried on a similar charge, found guilty, and sentenced to imprisonment for four years. It is not ever one who has a home in prospective for such a time.

   Joseph BALDWIN was surrendered by his security, and ordered to be placed on the prison brig.


MURDERED FOR HIS MONEY - Another murder has been committed near Mt. Diablo, early last week, on the person of a man named MEARS, who has been engaged for some time past in killing game for the market. MEARS had been to a small village where he had disposed of his game, and was returning home late in the evening, when he fell into the hands of the assassins, who murdered and robbed him of several hundred dollars in his possession. The murderers were not arrested at out latest dates.


THE LATE STEAMBOAT DISASTER - We gave quite a detailed account of the disaster to the steamer Major Tompkins on the 22d, on the morning after its occurrence. Having been furnished with some additional names of the sufferers, we give a complete list this morning.

   The accident occurred on Wednesday evening, at half-past five o'clock, when the Major Tompkins was about twenty miles below this city. Some of the machinery had become disarranged, causing her steam head to be blown off. The following are the sufferers, as furnished to us:


E.D. TRACY, fireman, dead.

Richard MARTIN, of London, Eng., dead.

                Badly Scalded or Burnt

Richard WATERS;

Simcon CUNNINGHAM, 2d engineer;

Edward LAME, fireman;

Edward LYONS, of Mississippi;

Mr. ORR, of Michigan;

Dr. C.T. WHITTIER, of Sacramento;

Mr. JOHNSON, of the Magnolia, Sacramento;

                Slightly Scalded or Hurt.




Andrew MOWH, of Miss.,

Edward FALLON,

Edward GILES,

Mr. TAYLOR, 2d Clerk.



   We are happy to state that all those brought to this city by the New World, are recovering as rapidly as could be anticipated. We believe that Dr. WHITTIER, Mr. WHITING, and Mr. LUNT, were the only persons brought up the night of the disaster.

   Dr. CROUCH, of Marysville, was active in administering to the wants of the scalded, being on board of the West Point, which steamer was close at hand when the accident happened.

   Every attention was afforded by the officers of both the New World and West Point.


Submitted by Betty Loose betty@unisette.com



Sacramento Transcript

Tuesday January 28, 1851 

COL. J. NEELY JOHNSON - We noticed yesterday the appointment of this gentleman as an aid of the Governor, and the order to enter at once active duties. We have since seen the authority under which he is to act. Gov. McDOUGAL takes a wise and philanthropic view of the situation of affairs, and says that he “feels compelled to take active and energetic measures for the protection of our citizens, who are now exposed to the depredations of the Indians, in the San Joaquin frontier.” In doing so, says the Governor, “I have decided to leave the whole operations of the war with yourself.” Of course such discretionary power is necessary, as the officer on the spot is better advised how to act than those at a distance.

Col. JOHNSON will leave this city to-day, and repair to San Francisco, where he will receive orders to carry on the war at his discretion. He will also receive an order on Gen. SMITH for such arms and amunitions as he may deem necessary for the campaign.

We are gratified that honor of the command has fallen upon a gentleman so generally esteemed, and one to whose judgement and integrity the whole matter can be safely confided. 

ROBBERY OF REV. MR. BENTON - It will be seen by a card of this gentleman, that his house was robbed on Sunday night last, whilst he was engaged in preaching. The church adjoins the dwelling, and the thief was only a few feet from Mr. BENTON at the time of committing the robbery - there were however two walls between. Mr. B’s loss is about $250. 

SUISUN VALLEY - The large extent of fertile country, known as Suisun Valley, is being for the most part brought into cultivation. The Suisun Valley is not quite as extensive as several others in the State, but its soil is not excelled in any other portion of California. Ranchos have been erected every half mile or so, and already the valley bears evidence of the result of the labor of its inhabitants. Large tracts of land are broken up preparatory to seeding, and we hear many who will plant form twenty to forty acres of potatoes alone, and as the crop will pay largely at as low a rate as three cents per pound, we presume vast sums of money will be realized the coming season. We have been informed by a gentleman who recently returned from taking the census in one of the Southern counties of the State, that a gentleman realized about fifty thousand dollars from less than twenty acres of land in which he had grown a crop of potatoes. We have been promised some interesting information in regard to the products of some of our Southern counties which we will lay before the public as soon as received. 

CALIFORNIA MARBLE - An extensive vein of splendid marble, viewing with the Italian in point of quality, is reported as having been discovered in the neighborhood of Ringgold, El Dorado county. 

SIDEWALKS ON K STREET - Mr. BERRY presented a resolution to the Council last evening, which was adopted, directing the City Marshall to enforce the ordinance passed July 16, in relation to sidewalks, so far as to require the property-holders on K street to erect sidewalks from Front to Sixth streets, in accordance with said ordinance. Subsequently, a motion was made to reconsider, but was lost by a vote of 6 to 2.

Ayes - Messrs. MOORE and TWEED.


We understand that the sidewalks, twenty feet, can be erected at a cost not exceeding $35. 

FINE SPECIMEN - Wesley BURNETT, of Indiana, found a specimen at Mud Springs, on the 20th inst., weighing twenty-four ounces, perfectly pure gold. The hole had been previously worked, and given up as worthless. Mr. B. had not been engaged ten minutes when his labors were rewarded by the fine specimen. 

THE PRICE OF REMOVING SNAGS - Messrs. WILLIAMS & BOYER presented a bill to the Council, of $1,400 for removing four snags from the Sacramento river

Messrs L. STIVERS and John L. HAMILTON have been appointed on the City Police, in the room of D. CRANDLE and James MAJOR, resigned. 

ANOTHER MURDER - A gentleman who arrived in our city yesterday, stated to us that when between Coloma and Willow Springs, he came across the body of a man yet warm, with his throat cut from ear to ear, and his pockets rifled, with the exception of a small bag of gold specimens, which the robber either overlooked, or was forced to leave on account of the approach of the travelers. There were no papers or other matters at hand, by which the name of the deceased might be learned. Whilst some believed the man to have been murdered, others were under the impression that he had committed suicide. 

SPECIAL MESSENGER - Marcus D. BORUCK, Esq., will leave for the States by the steamer which sails February 1st, in charge of Gregory’s Express. Those having business to transact in any of the Atlantic cities which requires punctuality and fidelity, should confide it to Mr. BORUCK, as his business habits and well known integrity will ensure its performance to the satisfaction of all parties. 

Petitions were received by the Council, last evening, from Capt. WATERS and Mr. Frank JOHNSON, relative to the requirement of the Harbor Master to remove the hulks El Dorio and Eliza. 

“I’ll go if I see fit!” was the exclamation of Mrs. TWEEZERS, as her husband demurred to her attending a ball. “I’ll go if I see fit!” “Very well, then, you’ll see fits if you go!” 

Submitted by Betty Loose betty@unisette.com


The Transcript

Sacramento City

Monday, February, 3, 1851


SETTLING THIEF ACCOUNTS - A thief was detected, on Friday last, whilst stealing a pickaxe from Messrs. FOLGER & CLIFT. He was taken into their store and made to pay $30 for sundry articles which had been stolen at different times - and after having been “shown up” before a number of the merchants in the vicinity, was suffered to depart. He is described as being quite bald, about 55 years of age - as walking slow, and wearing an uncommonly long dress coat. He was formerly employed to collect washing. He is supposed to reside in K street in the neighborhood of 10th. Keep a look-out for him.


AT THE HEAD OF THE SLOUGH - Mr. A. RUNYON has located a rancho at the head of the slough, about forty miles down the Sacramento river, which is yielding him a handsome return for his labor. Mr. R. took up a claim of 160 acres, and last years put six acres under cultivation - planting onions, cabbage, lettuce, potatoes and beets. The profits arising from the produce sold, realized Mr. R. from eight to ten thousand dollars! He states that every thing grows to great perfection - that he has been a farmer all his life, but has never seen land so prolific in its returns. This year Mr. R. intends cultivating about twenty acres, and thinks that his prospects are fair for making fully as much as he did the last season.


THE PEOPLE vs. S NORRIS. - This case was postponed until this morning, by Judge BULLOCK, on account of the illness of Mr. NORRIS. The examination of GAND will take place immediately  after the conclusion of the first trial.


HANGING FOR STEALING - On Thursday Mr. VAN BUREN gave notice in the Senate, of the introduction of a bill providing the punishment of hanging for grand larceny. - This will have the effect of making property much more secure. The owners of ranchos are kept in a state of constant uneasiness on account of the thefts that are daily taking 

place. All titles to horses, mules &c. are looked upon at this time with distrust.


LYNCHING IN THE SOUTHER MINES - A case of lynching occurred at Curtis's Diggings, in the Southern Mines, a week ago. Some miners were playing cards in a tent, when a quarrel sprung up between one of them and a men named BOWEN. The latter drew a pistol and was in the act of killing his antagonist, when a number of persons interfered and the affair was settled. The next day BOWEN met the miner, and asked him if he was going to fight, being answered negatively, that he had no weapons, BOWEN drew his revolver and shot him. This exasperated the whole community, and with one accord they seized BOWEN, and took him to the nearest tree, where he was immediately hung.


ATTEMPTED MURDER BY DROWNING - Quite an excitement prevailed yesterday in the vicinity of Judge BULLOCK's office, occasioned by an examining court on the case of two persons charged with an attempt to murder, by drowning. George KNIGHT and Daniel A. LEWIS are charged with attempting to drown a man named R.G. McCUBBIN. The last named was the principal witness, who stated that whilst the three were crossing the Sacramento river in a boat, and directly after the boat had been pushed off from the shore, he was stooping to pick up an oar, when he was seized by KNIGHT and thrown overboard. McCUBBIN says he soon got hold of the boat, but KNIGHT caught him by the shoulders and put his head under water - but finding that would not do, he seized him by the throat, but in going under, KNIGHT’s hold was broken, so that McCUBBIN rose, as his hold on the boat had not been broken. He cried "murder," several times, when some person living on the opposite side of the river opened the door, and asked, "what's the matter," to which LEWIS answered, "nothing," and that LEWIS then came to where he (McCUBBIN) was holding on, and put his hand on Mac’s shoulder, and that he then 

Clambered or was helped into the boat. The boat was then put about for the point it came from, and LEWIS told Mac to go up to the house (LEWIS' rancho, at which Mac preciously lived) and change his clothes.

   We regard the case as somewhat mysterious, as no motive was assigned by McCUBBIN why the two wished to take his life.

   Testimony was introduced, going to show that Mr. LEWIS was a gentleman of good character, and we heard several others outside of the bar make the same statement.

   Rumor assigned a motive for the commission of the deed, but as it was not alluded to in the testimony, we do not deem it proper to give publicity to the report.

   The rancho of LEWIS and KNIGHT is about ten miles below the city, along the Sacramento. The affair happened on Friday night last about eight or  nine o'clock.

   The Court took a recess at eight o’clock last evening, and we did not hear its determination after re-assembling.


ROBBERY - On Saturday evening a man named BALL, was robbed in a house on K street, between 6th and 8th streets. It appears  that BALL had come down from Weberville, and was joined on the road by two men, and they  all agreed to go together to Marysville. On arriving in this city they deposited their luggage on a steamer, and came up street for the purpose of seeing the sights. During the evening they got BALL a little ?muddled,? and proposed that they should all go to a vacant house on K street and lodge for the night. During the night BALL was awakened by the two, who were busily engaged in a "forcible entry" on this pockets, and not getting in easily, they had a knife with which 

they cut them open and abstracted his purse, which contained only about $65. During the scuffle BALL's hand was cut. The robbers before they left, told BALL that if he left the house before daylight, they would shoot him.


The back room of a house on Second street, between K and L, was entered by a thief on Friday night, but he was compelled to depart ?empty handed as he came.? The house was occupied by to Mademoiselles.


Two prisoners, named MINER and BOLTON, attempted to escape from the prison in San Francisco, on Friday evening, by boring auger holes and cutting through the flooring of the room above. They were detected, and thus their whole labor was lost.


The citizens of Santa Clara pledge $50,000 in real estate to the Legislature, provided the capital of the State is not changed.


SUICIDE - The body of an Italian named Louis PAPPI, was found a short distance this side of Willow Springs, about twenty-three miles from this city, on Sunday the 26th inst. He had stopped at the Cincinnati House the night before, and from his manners and the tone of this conversation it was evident that he was in a deranged state of mine. He was observed to pass the Willow Springs just as the inmates of the houses were going to breakfast, and before they had all finished eating, a wagoner came up, stating that a man was dead on the road side, a short distance from the house. On going to the spot they found the man who has passed but a short time before, with his throat cut from ear to ear, and a pocket-knife with the large blade open, under his neck. His body was yet warm. An inquest was held on the body and the jury rendered a verdict that he had committed suicide, whilst laboring under derangement. There was $225 worth of gold dust found in his pockets. On examining his papers, his name was found to be Louis PAPPI, an Italian - that he filed his intentions of citizenship in Albany, N.Y., in 1835, and received his papers in the city of New York, on the 10th of Oct., 1840. He became a member of the Italian 

Guards, (then commanded by Capt. Joseph AVERANA,) on the 13th of Sept., 1843. His papers represented him to have been a glazier by trade.


The $12,000 robbery case settled - Some time since, a Mr. Jeremiah ROOT, of Brighton, near Sacramento City, was robbed of $12,000 in gold dust, by his wife, who, on the committal of the act, eloped with a man named Henry FAIRBANKS, and it was not until Thursday last that their whereabouts were ascertained, although the police of San Francisco were on the que vive for them for some time past. On Tuesday last, Capt. LAMBERT, of the 1st District Police, undertook the search for them at the request of Justice BROWN, and on Thursday succeeded in arresting Mrs. ROOT, on board the "Somerset," in the harbor, which was about to sail for Panama, and during the next day arrested Henry FAIRBANK, E. DAVIS and Sterling DAVIS, on the charge of aiding and abetting in the robbery.  Mr. ROOT arrived in town, and on having an interview with his erring wife - she protesting the while that she alone took the gold and valuables - and on the greater part of the stolen property being restored into his hands, he took his truant spouse back to his arms, and yesterday they left together for the States on the Atlantic. The other parties were discharged from custody, being exculpated from the charge against them, by Mrs. ROOT himself.

   So all is fair weather again to those who were but a day or two since wrecked on the banks of sinful passions, and we trust that storm now over and past, but which has left its mark that time cannot erase, will prove a salutary lesson to all the parties in this disgraceful desecration of the marriage ceremony.-[Pacific News.


ATTEMPTED SUICIDE - Madame DUPREZ, lately connected with the Jenny Lind Theatre, about eight o'clock last evening, attempted to commit suicide by taking a potion, the nature of which we were unable to learn. The cause, we understand, was from a difficulty existing between her and Mrs. KIRBY, in which the former attempted to take the 

life of the latter, but was foiled in her efforts by the police officers. Madam DUPREZ is considered out of danger, though yet hysterically mad. It seems as though our actresses had all run suicide crazy.-[Pacific News


Submitted by Betty Loose betty@unisette.com


The Transcript

Sacramento City

Friday, February 7, 1851


HOUSE ATTACKED - Ellen HINEGAN, appeared before Justice BULLOCK yesterday and laid in a complaint for an assault and damage to her house on the 13th ult., at Negro Bar, in this county. She make affidavit that a party threatened to pull down her house and set fire to it, &c., &c. Ellen, we believe, had a similar cause before the 

District Court the other day, but the jury thought the b’hoys didn’t mean any harm.


SACRAMENTO CITY - The census of this city having taken whilst it was laboring under that awful scourge, the cholera, it has been deemed expedient to make another enumeration. We believe that one half of  our citizens left the city during the existence of that plague, and of course a correct list, showing the usual resident population, could 

not be had at the time. The determination of Col. JOHNSON is one that will receive commendation. Mr. Thomas O. GRIER has been appointed as Deputy for the work, and will enter at once upon the discharge of the duties.


ANOTHER BRANDING - Judge Lynch has been distributing justice in the upper country within the past week.. A man who gave his name as Robert FISCHER, from Pennsylvania, was arraigned at Green Springs, on Monday evening, for stealing a horse, found guilty, and sentenced to be branded with the letter R on the cheek - have his head partly shaved - and receive thirty-nine lashes. The former punishments were administered the same evening, and the whipping on Tuesday evening.


Hon. J.W. REDMAN, Judge of the County Court of San Jose, is seriously ill. His recovery is considered doubtful.


Philip ESTER, whom we noticed yesterday as having committed a most gross crime, on a little girl at San Francisco, was ordered to be committed by the Recorder, without bail. Right.


AWFUL TRAGEDY AT SOMERSET - Mr. John BARCLAY, of New York, was stabbed by Alexander HALL of Missouri,  on Sunday the 26th ult., at Somerset, eight miles this side of Coloma. It appears that BARCLAY was engaged at a game of cards in the Missouri House, during which time HALL made some remarks in regard to the game, occasioning a dispute. The victim was about to eaeve the house when HALL stabbed him with a spring dirk knife, a little below the heart.-BARCLY lived until Wednesday the 

29th. - Before his death he stated that he had a brother and sister-in-law at Sacramento or San Francisco. We regret to learn that the deceased leaves a wife and two children in Patterson, new Jersey, to mourn over his untimely end. An inquest was held on the body, Mr. J. MOORE of Coloma, presiding, and a verdict of willful murder rendered 

against HALL. It is said that no provocation was given for the commission  of the deed. The murderer escaped and has not yet been arrested.


Submitted by Betty Loose betty@unisette.com


The Transcript

Sacramento City

Wednesday, March 26, 1851



Two Men Whipped!!

And one Hung for Murder!!

We have received a letter from our correspondent F.C.B., giving a detailed account of the exciting operations of Lynch at Weaverville, on the western slope of the coast range, about forty-five miles north of Redding’s Springs.

On Thursday week a man was arrested on a charge of stealing a mule. A called court of the people was held instanter, over which Col. JOHNSON, formerly of the Empire House in this City, presided. A jury of twelve men were empanelled, and witnesses duly examined. The case was given to the jury, who soon returned with a verdict of guilty, and the fellow was sentenced to have his head shaved, and receive fifty lashes. The sentence was promptly executed. An old razor was employed in the shaving operation, and, being rather dull, large pieces of the cranium were frequently clipped off, whilst he was losing his hair.

Late in the evening the fellow confessed to having a partner named JACKSON, who was soon after arrested. JACKSON was taken to the quarters of Judge JOHNSON, who had rolled himself up in his blankets, and was enjoying a snug sleep after the previous labors of the day. He told them to hold on to the prisoner, and he would attend to his case in the morning. Accordingly, on Friday morning, the crowd again assembled around the tent of Judge JOHNSON, anxious for the trial. It so happened that the Judge was cook of his mess, and he used all diligence to ?hurry up the cakes,? being ?slap-jacks? he soon got through with that part of the culinary department. But then the dishes were to wash, for our informant being one of the mess, vows that times aint now as they used to be in this respect, when dirt was a sort of fashionable appendage.

After washing the dishes, the Judge announced himself ready for business. He mounted the rostrum of justice, consisting of an old pine log, of gigantic dimensions, and forthwith the Court was called to order, and the investigation instituted. The witnesses were examined, and the case proved a clear one. The jury was not long in finding a verdict, and JACKSON was sentenced to be bucked, receive forty-five lashes and have his head shaved. The shaving operation was ludicrous, as the instrument was not quite as keen as justice had been. After the sentence had been executed, he cut rather a grotesque figure, and might have been fitly compared to a half finished man - one half the hair of his head, and half of his moustache, and one half of his whiskers having fallen prey to the vengeance of the jury.

This is the mode of treatment up in those diggings, and horse-thieves had better make themselves scarce.

Mr. B. informs us that he left Weaverville on Saturday week, crossing the dividing ridge of the western slope. When Mr. B arrived at Shasta City or Redding?s Springs, he there learned the particulars of a most horrid murder that had been committed the night before, about ten miles from that place. It appears that two persons who were in the same mess, had some slight dispute when one of them seized a gun, and shot the other, the ball taking effect in the left breast, from which he died instantly. When shot, the victim made a leap, the blood gushed forth, and he fell dead. As soon as the deed had been committed, the murderer started to run, but he was pursued and recaptured without much difficulty.

The assemblage took him at once to the Springs, ten miles distant. A court of the people was formed on Sunday - a judge appointed - witnesses examined - and the murderer showed all the clemency he could have obtained in a legal tribunal. The jury were out but a few minutes, when they returned with a verdict of guilty, and he was sentenced to be hung that afternoon at four o’clock.

The fellow acknowledged his guilt, and seemed to have no regret at the termination of things. He sat down to dinner, eat a very hearty meal, and even called for and partook of dessert.

The hour of execution having arrived, he was taken to the place designated, where a raised platform had been constructed. The rope was placed around his neck, and he was called on to address the crowd if he had any thing to say.

The murderer simply responded by saying that it was the result of drinking, and warned others from partaking too freely; that the only regret was that he did not have time to write to his wife, and with a sudden leap he raised himself, the platform fell, his neck broke, and he was ushered into eternity. As he did not wait for the platform to be knocked from under him, he may be said to have been his own executioner.


ISTHMUS NEWS - The Alta furnished the following epitome of Isthmus News:

Two hundred and twenty workmen, varnished lumber, and a lot of houses, have arrived from New York; the latter to be erected at Mansanilla. Including the workmen arrived from Carthagena, about six hundred men are employed on the rail road between Chagres and El Simon, which will be concluded this spring.

Another small steamer has been constructed at Panama. Her name is Colibri, and she will be employed with the Taboga, in the coasting trade.

A French and Irish colony are expected at Chagres to work the mines on the Isthmus of Darien, or cultivate its fertile soil.

The population of Chagres, Gorgona, Cruces, and Panama is fast increasing by the emigration of the Americans, who are attracted by free trade.

Mr. EILERY, master of the steamer Orus, was put in jail at Greytown, on account of a difference with the Anglo-Musquitan authorities.

County Seat of Yolo - An election took place in Yolo county on the 15th instant, for the purpose of selecting the future seat of justice of this county. The Virginia Rancho on Cache Creek, Fremont and Washington, were the points voted for. Our neighbors across the river secured Washington, by a majority of some fourteen votes. - The folks along the Cache Creek contend that some illegal voting occurred at the hall at Washington, and we learn that they will contest the election.

Sinking His Dust - A miner on the Mokelumne gave a friend named SYLVERBURY, who was about visiting the city, two bags of dust worth $2,000, to be deposited with Mr. DAVIDSON, a banker at San Francisco. - The miner came on to the city, and on inquiry found that his friend SYLVERBURY had turned out to be a precious Gold-berry, having entirely forgotten to make the deposit, and having taken his departure to Panama in the steamer Antelope.

Southern Protection - Gen. BEAN who was appointed by the Governor to raise and equip fifty men for the purpose of protecting the persons and property of the citizens of the county of Los Angeles, has promptly taken the field in person to carry out the orders.

A murdered Sonorian was found in San Diego on the morning of the 13th. No clue exists as to who the murderers were.

Impeachments - The Assembly Committee will report to-day, in regard to the impeachments of Judge TURNER, of Marysville, and Judge PARSONS, of San Francisco.

A $5,000 Fee - A case of some little interest came off in the District Court yesterday. It appears that Ex. Gov. SMITH was sent for at San Francisco to come to this city, by Gov. McDOUGAL, J.S. FOWLER, E.F. GILLESPIE, and H.E. ROBINSON, Esqs., for the purpose of drawing some deeds in reference to the transfer of all of the real estate of John A. SUTTER, Jr., to the parties named. Gov. SMITH came, performed the duty, and sent in his bill for a fee of $5,000. Deeming the fee rather exorbitant, the several parties refused to pay it, and the case was submitted to arbitrators, who reduced the sum and gave an award of $2,500. The Hon. H.E. ROBINSON paid his quota, but the other three gentlemen refused, and suit was instituted for its recovery. The counsel for the defense regarded the case as another ?Kilkenny cat fight among the lawyers.? The plaintiff prosecuted the suit in person, and appealed with earnestness and force to the ?good, hard, common sense of the Jury? to maintain h!

 is claim. The jury after consultation, brought in a verdict, that they were of opinion that the plaintiff was entitled to $1,000 and costs.

Public Spirit on K Street - The subject being agitated of erecting a bridge over the slough near the Fort, a meeting assembled at the Bull?s Head, last evening. C.J. McDONOUGH acted as Chairman, and A.D. McDONALD as Secretary. A liberal subscription was made at once, and a meeting called for this evening, at the same place, to further the object. Such evidences of public spirit are commendable in the highest degree. - Those who desire an increase of trade on K street will attend the meeting this evening.

California Justice! - A capper of one of the French monte banks in this city named BRIGGS, came across a miner by the name of BILLEPS, on yesterday, and forthwith professed great friendship for him. He urged BILLEPS to make a bet on game, which was going on. The miner put his hand in his pocket, and took out some money, placing it on the table; doing which, he dropped a $5 piece, and whilst stooping to pick it up, BRIGGS slipped off some of the money. No bet was made, BILLEPS being intoxicated. Mr. ROSS heard of the theft, and procured a police officer. A young man named L.S. LEGG saw the operation and gave information. BRIGGS was arrested, taken before the Recorder, and mark the result. Two lawyers appeared in defense, and the case was laid over until the second Monday in May. BRIGGS gave a bond of $500 for his appearance, and LEGG, the witness, the same amount. Here, then, is a beautiful case. A miner, wanting to leave for the mines to-day, who solemnly swore to the theft,!

  and yet he is required to give bonds to the same amount as the person who is prosecuted. This is the statement as given to us; we hope there is some mistake about it.

Success - We have very favorable accounts of the party who left this city for Scott’s River, members of which were Dr. PRICE, Messrs. John TRACY, Pope GORDON, &c. They have left Scott’s River, and are now on Trinity, at Weaverville’s Bar, a mile and a half below the lower ferry. On prospecting this bar, they made from 25 to 50 cents to the pan. They are now digging a race to turn the stream. In crossing the mountain, they met with hard luck, loosing all they had, even to the mules. Mr. TRACY was frost bitten, but has now nearly recovered.


Submitted by Betty Loose betty@unisette.com


The Daily Union

Sacramento, California

Thursday Morning, April 3, 1851


Dreadful Developments

Our readers will remember that on Monday last we published the particulars of the shooting and wounding two burglars, in attempting to rob the “Palace” on 2d street, on Saturday night. Circumstances have since then transpired, which go to show that this same gang - two of whom have now been brought to an awful and summary justice - have been the perpetrators of other burglaries in our city. Last week, the barroom of the “Pocahontas” was robbed of two trunks containing about a thousand dollars and a gold watch. It has been ascertained that the same gang of villains who attempted the burglary at the “Palace” had stolen the money at the ?Pocahontas.? It has been further ascertained that the man who was shot by Capt. WARD, stood over Capt. ECKLEY, the landlord, with a drawn dirk, ready to plunge it into his heart, if he awoke while his companions were carrying off the ill-gotten booty. Fortunately for Captain ECKLEY, he did not awake to meet so horrible a fate as was pending ove!

 r him.

What a dreadful spectacle would our city have presented to mortal eyes, had those fiends in human shape carried out their damnable purpose - murdering one of our best and most worthy citizens in cold blood, merely to obtain a few paltry dollars!

But the villain has met his just deserts by being shot down in an unexpected moment, and the community rid of one of the greatest curses which can possibly exist anywhere.

The man who was shot in his leg, at the same time, and who, no doubt, was his companion in crime, has been lying severely ill on board the prison brig. Yesterday his attending physician deemed it necessary to amputate the limb, which we believe was performed some time during the afternoon. It is to be hoped that this man, when he comes to a proper sense of his condition, will divulge some things which may lead to the further detection of the villains who have infested our city.


MINING NEWS - We have been struck with the similarity of the news what we receive daily from different parts of the mining country. All, however, sustain the opinion that a steady success attends the efforts of every miner that perseveringly wields the pick and shovle. We conversed yesterday with a gentleman direct from the highest diggings on the North Fork of Feather river. The same old tale of snow impeding the digging for a time past, made up a considerable portion of the account he gave of that country. He stated that provisions were high. Flour was worth a dollar and a quarter per pound, and onions and other luxuries of miner’s fare, proportionably higher.

Many were content with working just enough to support expenses, until the melting snow. Those that did work, made from six to ten dollars a day to the man. All were encouraged at the prospect of very successful digging in a few weeks, and from the cautious and determined manner of the miner in commencing operation this season, we cannot but expect favorable results.


GRAND LARCENY - An interesting trial yesterday was held before Justice BULLICK. Wm. FOREMAN was arraigned for the stealing - according to the affidavit of the complainant, Lockwood M. TOOD - of the “nine Head of stock, more or less, horses, mares and mules.” The evidence was of so strong a character, that FOREMAN was, by the decision of the Justice, committed for further trial. The taking of the animals occurred about twenty miles above the city.

Grand larceny has been made a capital offence by our Legislature, and it behooves all persons that take things that don’t belong to them to be more careful.



ANOTHER STURGEON - The fishermen were again surprised yesterday by finding a large sturgeon amongst the small fry. He was, with much pains, secured and brought to the top of the bank. His length was about six feet and his weight about 130 pounds.


FISH, FUN AND PROFIT - In one of the ditches on the other side of the river, two or three of our citizens yesterday, discovered a shoal of fishes, and one of them having a shot gun along, blazed away and killed five. They then took poles and frightened them into shallow water, where they dispatched many more, but not satisfied with shooting, hitting, punching and jobbing, they jumped into the water and threw out five bushels of them on the bank. They were salmon trout, weighing from two to five or six pounds each. California beats - but let facts tell her praise.


GARDEN SEEDS - Col. GRANT, in addition to filling heads with news and literature, and pockets with gold coin, intends filling the stomach of the people with vegetables. His advertisement speaks for itself. It will be seen in another column. We expect in a short time that the somewhat neglected songs of “Gumbo Chaff,” and “Artichokes and Cauliflowers” will become as popular as the True Delta.


THE MOUNTED RIFLEMEN - The announcement that the regiment of Mounted Riflemen stationed in Oregon, was under orders to return home via Panama and New Orleans, proves to be incorrect. It seems that the officers and non-commissioned officers are alone to return home, with the view of recruiting a new regiment, having New Mexico for its ultimate destination.


THE CHAIN GANG - We perceive that this most valuable and praiseworthy institution - of Spanish origin, we believe - is now in “the full tide of successful experiment” at the Bay. It is composed, at present, of eleven members, but with brilliant prospects for a numerous increase thereto in the future - who are linked together by ties the most indissoluble and enchained in fraternal bonds as endurable as steel; and hence are bound, “Beyond the most distant shadow of the most remote doubt,” to make it “go.”

Why not introduce this hew feature into the dispensation of justice in our city? We think the “institution,” if established, would be found to operate admirable, economically speaking, in those immense holes - the cisterns - which the City Fathers are having dug in our streets.

Correspondence of the Daily Union



The past week being that of the races, was a busy and rich time for those engaged in stabling and rum-selling. The Mission road all the while was thronged with beings, both of the human and animal breed, and “g’lang” was the order of the day.

Old King Cole, at the Exchange, still continues to amuse, interest and delight the worthy denizens of this burg, with his masque entertainments. These parties taken tout ensemble, are such, that the most fastidious can take no exceptions. The one on Saturday was unusually attractive. The charmer of the evening and the cynosure of all eyes, was a young gentleman of literary connections, perhaps distinction, of your city - with raven black hair and flowing ringlets. Besides being admired by the men, he seemed to be a particular favorite with the fairer sex. During the evening, he graciously condescended to select one from among them for a dance, and when he was executing some of his most difficult steps and exquisite passes, his vestal partner “cast a shoe,” which called for a halt, much to the regret of the delighted auditors.

Cases before the Recorder last week, without number. One worthy of note, was that of a young boy, who was arraigned for fast riding. Before the suit was gone through with, he convinced the worthy old dignitary that his caballo ran off with him. The precocity of youth in this country is wonderful.

No fires last week and but one alarm. That was caused by our city dads burning a few surplus realms of city scrip.

Charles DUANE has been set at liberty. It was thought that the $5,000 which he was fined, would help to pay some of the city debt.

Yours, MIKE



Mr. Editor: The many and repeated daring robberies that have taken place in our city, of late, have aroused the minds of our citizens to an enquiry into the ability of our Police to protect us from these continued depredations upon us.

Robberies of the most daring kind are committed - large sums of gold are taken in the boldest way, even from persons while sleeping, and no trace of robbers or money can be had.

Such occurrences lead the community to place little or no reliance upon the Police and to stand guard themselves, - as the case at the Palace the other evening, which resulted in the death of one or more robbers. Others say they doubt the Police - or that they connive at robbery - or that they are worth nothing.

That justice may be done to all, and that the public may form some estimate of how much reliance we ought to put in this grand scheme of Police - this system of Midnight Protection - let me state a fact that has come to my knowledge, in connection with a recent robbery.

A robbery was committed of a very bold character, and the person robbed called upon the Police for assistance; this they rendered as promptly as was possible. The night was unusually stormy, and yet the parties attended to their laborious duties without a murmur. In speaking of these duties, the writer ascertained this fact, that the Police had received no pay from the city since last December, and their only encouragement to perform their duty, was the hope of pay at some future day, or such sums as they might receive from those they should assist.

Now, Mr. Editor, such things ought not to be.

We see it stated in the papers published that the cost of our Police was some fifteen or seventeen hundred dollars the last month and one would suppose we ought to have an efficient Police - yet how much real pay have the Police received?

It is very unjust to blame a Police for not preventing robberies which require the exposure of health and life, when he receives nothing for his labor, or but the promise that our scrip holds out to them, and then three months in arrears?

If we expect men to perform this perilous duty - get the best men - pay them well and pay them promptly - and if the city authorities cannot do this, let the citizens take the matter into their own hands - select their men and pay them for it; or act Policemen themselves. Then, and not till then, shall we offer a check to the thousand miscreants that infest our city.



Submitted by Betty Loose betty@unisette.com


The Daily Union

Sacramento, California

Monday Morning, April 7, 1851


Another Man Hung!

Lynch law has again been carried into effect, and another murderer sent to his last account.

On Saturday, at Brown’s Bar, on Weber Creek, Andrew SCOTT, of St. Genevieve, Mo., without the least provocation, further than a slight misunderstanding, murdered Mr. BAKER, his partner, inflicting five severe stabs with his knife, any one of which would have caused death.

SCOTT was taken into custody; and though the excitement occasioned by the dreadful act was intense, he was allowed trial by a jury of twelve men! After a fair representation of the whole case, the jury found him guilty, and sentenced the criminal to be hung, which verdict was immediately put into execution.

Mr. BAKER is said to have been a gentleman in every respect; while his murderer, beyond all doubt, was a most ferocious villain, this being the third or fourth time that he has stained his hands with the blood of his fellow man. One of his victims was Dr. McMANUS of St. Genevieve. His narrow escape from the gallows on that occasion, instead of acting as a salutary warning, and making him a better man, only served to harden his heart, as it is too often the case with the vicious man when the law, in mercy, fails to execute its judgments upon him; and now he has reaped the terrible fruits of his own sowing.

We understand he is most respectably connected at home.


NOTICE - We are requested by a gentleman to say to those who steal whale boats, that he is very thankful to them for leaving his boat in an eddy below town after they had got done using it. But he would prefer that they tie it when they next steal it, as an eddy might not be secure enough at all times. He further states that his boat is at the service of any one that has business after midnight on the river, and that he will be peculiarly happy in accommodating any that wish a pleasure trip at that time. But it would afford him more pleasure to convey such gentleman out to the Lagrange, where a continued ride night and day would be afforded them.


Messrs ROBINSON and EVRARD have just completed their splendid building - the Dramatic Museum - on California street, San Francisco. It will be opened next Monday evening with a full corps of talented artists.


       The California Miners

The discovery of gold along the western base of the Sierra Nevada, has produced a character not found in Shakespeare or in the writings of any author. The histories of nations tell us of none such. The free land of stars and stripes alone can furnish the example before us of a California miner.

The bold and practical manners of those who have been reared on the frontiers of civilization in the settlement of new States, convey an impression of the characteristics of our miner. But it is slight: circumstances here are different. The impediments to progress are not in the tomahawk and scalping knife, but in the hard earth and unyielding rock. A series of months instead of years are expected to bring about a result to decide the condition of the laborer, and place him upon firm standing.

Our miner carries his independence with him down into the coyote hole, or the river’s bed. The stalwart arm that cleaves asunder the flinty granite, would be the most destructive ever raised, against the proud heads of despotism; and the eye that looks with reverence upon freedom, could only regard royalty with glances of ridicule and derision. The practical lessons learned in the deep gulch and rugged ravine, are illy qualified to render the artificial accomplishments and exquisite manners of the wealthy noble worthy of imitation. Utilitarianism is the only philosophy known to the miner and intuition the logic that guides to a conclusion. Where the gold is, and how to be obtained, are the questions to be decided. The first has had a powerful influence on the movements of almost every miner in California. Gold Lake, Gold Bluff, Scotts river, and every humbug are traceable to it. Here it is! And thousands rush to find it, and learn from disappointment that it exists almost wh!

 erever labor chooses to exhibit it. How to be obtained has brought sub marine armor, and countless inventions useful and useless to our shores, besides directing the great works that have been entered into about Coloma, Nevada, and other places in the country.

A dissertation upon the different classes of miners would require pages instead of paragraphs. The young and eager, fired by every glowing account, are unsettled in their movements, and are carried and swayed by every improbable and astounding report that floats through the mines. But the old and steady operate with perseverance, uninfluenced by the same accounts that seduce the inexperienced. But our miners be they what they may, are the great workmen who have made the golden staff upon which California leans as she treads towards prosperity.


QUICK PASSAGE - The Gov. Dana made the trip down from Marysville to our wharf, on Saturday in 4h. 40min (including stoppage); running time, four hours ten minutes. She started at 9h. 15m., and arrived here at five minutes before 2 o’clock P.M. The detention at Nicholas in assorting letters, was 12 min.


A BENICIA BEET - We were shown a beet, a few days since, raised this season in Mr. C.K. WETMORE’s garden, in this city, that measured nineteen inches long, twelve inches around, and weighing five pounds and a half! Wonder if San Francisco can beat this! -[Cal. Gazette.

That city built on a collection of sand hills may not beet you in this line, neighbor, but we wot of a city that can, whom modestly, however, forbids our mentioning. Ahem!


ROBBERY AT THE FIVE-MILE HOUSE - Joseph MYRAZO was arraigned yesterday before Judge BULLOCK, for stealing money of WILLIAMSON and MOORE, the proprietors of the Five-Mile House. From the testimony adduced in court, we learned that the defendant MYRAZO requested of Mr. HELYAR, who was left in charge of the house during the absence of the proprietors, a horse for riding on the evening of the 5th inst. Mr. HELYAR permitted him to take the horse, supposing that he would return in time to attend to his duties as cook. But he did not return. On the next morning, Mr. HELYAR had occasion to go to his money trunk for a small sum, and found that there was none in it. He immediately suspected the cook, and came to the city, in search of him. He found, upon enquiry on board one of the steamers, that a man answering the description of Myrazo was found at the Warren House on J street. He was arrested, and the house searched, without finding the money. He was then taken to the station-house!

 , but on the way, a boy overtook the police officer, and informed him that a small trunk had been left in one of the rooms which was not examined. At the station-house, it was remarked to the prisoner that he had stolen some four or five thousand dollars, but he denied having taken so much; and on being questioned farther, acknowledged that he had taken a little.

The right key was produced by the prisoner, and on the opening of the trunk, the lost money was found and identified.

The guilt being proven so palpably before the court, the prisoner, in default of four thousand dollars bail, was ordered on board the La Grange.

The amount recovered was about $1600. How much he had stolen cannot be precisely known until the return of Messrs. WILLIAMSON and MOORE. $1022 was known to have been in the trunk, but what amount over that sum cannot be known till the arrival of those gentlemen.


CRESCENT CITY - This well known and popular hotel is being remodeled and enlarged. The house formerly occupied by SHELDON, KIBBE and ALMY has been removed, and a three story building will soon take its place. The present Crescent City will be improved in a corresponding style. The house will then present a front of 40 feet. A parlor or assembly room, on the second story, will open upon the new porch. Guests will be accommodated with single rooms; and a bath house will be attached to the house for their convenience. The dining room will be enlarged from its present size to 100 feet in length by 20 in width. A passage will extend through the centre of the building, from one street to the other. The contractors inform us that the work will immediately be finished.


LARGE ROBBERY - The banking house of MATTHEWS, FINLEY & Co., at New Orleans, was robbed of nearly $6000. The house was entered by means of false keys, and with a portable furnace, a bellows, and a long chisel or “jimmy,” the safe was opened - $5,000 belonging to the bank and $700 that had been deposited by MACPHERSON & Co., were abstracted by the burglars.


Charles H. BLACKMER died at Benicia very suddenly on Thursday morning. He had been engaged the day before in raising a new building, and in carrying a stick of timber, struck one end of it against a post which gave him quite a jar in the stomach. He felt sick soon afterwards, went to bed, but was not considered dangerous till a short time before he died.


Submitted by Betty Loose betty@unisette.com



The Daily Union

Sacramento, California

Monday Morning, April 14, 1851


DIFFICULTY - Saturday night Dr. DICKSON happening to pass the house known as the Branch on 2nd street, in company with a friend who was intoxicated, was hissed at by some person or persons in the house. The drunken man wished to punish the hissing, but the Doctor tried to dissuade him from it. He could not however be induced to pass without manifesting resentment and he threw a stick of wood at or in the house. Some persons in there immediately rushed out, disregarded the drunken man and knocked the Doctor down and considerably injured him.

The Doctor returned to his lodgings at the Southern House, and related the occurrence to his friends, which so exasperated them that they armed themselves and prepared for punishing the men who had abused and insulted their friend. But nothing was done until about one or two o?clock, when one of the party at the Branch made his appearance at the Southern House, apparently unarmed and for the purpose as he said of making peace. But before his intentions were known, the friends of the Doctor closed around the individual with the intention of punishing him, but when the Doctor heard his errand, he entreated his friends to spare hum, but their demonstrations continuing threatening, the Branch man drew his weapon, a bowie knife and pistol to defend himself. Immediately after this, several men of the Branch party appeared at the door, which the other party seeing, stationed themselves at the dining room door and warned them not to undertake an entrance. They did not attempt it, an!

 d the matter rested thus, but there are suspicions that it may yet prove serious.


$35,000,000 - This was about the amount half way promised to all those who were not too lazy to rake up sand at Gold Bluff. A gentleman arrived in the city from there on Saturday evening. He did not make quite so much, and from the way his words were put together, we inferred that he had come pretty near starving. He says that by good fortune he was enabled with many sufferings to make his way to Scott’s river, where he happened to pick up some sleepy chances of making a little money sufficient to bring him away. Perhaps it would be best not to publish his opinions and remarks about Gold Bluff, Klamath and Scott’s rivers , as they might prevent some person fuller of enthusiasm than judgment, from going there. We would however remark that the gentleman in coming away left not his blessing with the country, on the contrary being a profane man he said things a good old religious man would very much censure.


FROM BEAR RIVER - A miner from Bear river informed us Saturday evening, that work had not fairly commenced on account of the snow, but as it was not more than three feet deep, a few warm days would melt it sufficiently to permit steady work and the securing of claims.


ACCIDENT - On Saturday evening several gentlemen returning from the Brighton race course, met with an accident that proved serious to three of them. They were in a wagon when the horses became frightened at a wheel falling from the loosing of the linch pin. They were thrown out, and one gentleman was so injured by a wheel passing over his breast that he spit blood; the others were only bruised on the legs, and of course are now “doing well.”


ROBBERY - A gentleman was robbed of near three hundred dollars on Friday night last, at a house on K street. On retiring to rest he neglected to take his purse from his pantaloons pocket, and in the morning when he awoke the money was gone. There were several persons sleeping in the room, who were subsequently searched, but the money was not recovered.


CUCUMBERS - The proprietors of the Crescent City, have placed a large green cucumber on our table, which we shall shortly dispose of properly.

A large bunch of lettuce was served up at that hotel yesterday, which all new comers to California ought to have seen. Remembering that our neighbor of the San Fran. Courier got choked on our “sweet potato,” we forbear giving the dimensions of the lettuce for fear of some other accident happening.


SUDDEN DEATH - A man, apparently in good health, laid down upon a seat at the Bull’s Head corner of 5th and K streets, at a late hour on Saturday night. Some time afterwards it was discovered that he was dead. Upon examination of the body, by the physicians yesterday, it was ascertained that the deceased was diseased in several vital parts so seriously as to make it appear strange that he had lived so long.


ATTACK OF MR. LAWRENCE OF THE TIMES.- Last night on returning from the theatre Mr. LAWRENCE, in passing the house on 2d street called the “Branch,” was assailed and severely beaten.

The circumstances of the affair are these. Mr. L on approaching the Branch, heard some such expression as “There goes the d--d son of a b-t-h;” but not thinking it was spoken of him, proceeded on. He was then immediately attacked y a large, stout man who rushed out of the house upon him. Mr. L. made for the El Dorado, but not effecting an entrance, endeavored to rush the steps to his office. But he was caught by his pursuer, and after receiving a few blows was stunned by one across his neck, so that he was unconscious of what further passed, but from the bruises after his recovery, the attack must have been continued for a time.

Newspapers should not alone comment on the above. The heavy penalty of crime should be the comment. The law should smite the offender, instead of permitting him to stalk with brazen effrontery in our streets. There is, we believe, almost another crisis impending over our city, which will terminate in blood. Hundreds of eyes are now directed to individuals who little suspect the feelings of the community against them; every movement of theirs is watched, and we utter this warning to them to beware how they arouse Sacramento City with outrages, for if the smothered resentment of the people bursts upon them, it will consume them.

We but speak the thoughts of all with whom we have conversed, and again caution those who are guilty, who are known to be guilty, to beware of the resentment that is ready to fall upon them, if it does fall it will be “a stone that will grind them to powder.”

The only cause for the attack on Mr. L. that we are aware of, is the remarks he made in the Times, in relation to a fight he witnessed at the Branch a few days since.


MARYSVILLE, April 11th, 1851

Friend Morse: According to promise I write, and will endeavor to keep you posted up on matters and things up in the neighborhood of my travels, on the head waters of Feather river.

I was fortunate enough to reach the Spanish Ranch (twelve miles this side of Rich Bar) the day before the last storm. Some five trains of mules were behind me, which were caught in the snow. The owners had to throw their loading away in order to save the animals. Notwithstanding, about thirty-five mules belonging to several persons, perished in the snow. The road for several miles is covered with provisions, while the miners at Rich Bar, Nelson’s Creek, and, in fact, for fifty miles, are actually suffering for food. Men have come into my camp and begged a meal, and said that they had not touched bread for several days. This was after I had sold out. Flour could not be bought for love nor gold in consequence of which the miners are leaving as fast as they possibly can for places more abundant with food. That sounds rather hard for a country like this, where gold so politely abounds. Perhaps it would not be amiss for me to notice to you what some of the miners are doing. But u!

understand me well - not all are doing the same. Some are hardly paying expenses. I saw about as rich a shovelful of dirt as ever was seen (an occurrence, however, not very seldom.) After it was washed, the residue of the precious stuff made the company of five $1,500 (and a little over) richer than they were ten minutes before. Most of them, however, are making from ten to twenty dollars a day; this is on Smith’s and Rich bars. The miners are all expecting to make large strikes this season. Each man is entitled, by the law of miners, in that region, to one claim of thirty feet square. Pretty large claims.

The store and hotel keepers are paying men twenty dollars and board for packing one hundred pounds a distance of twenty-one miles over the snow. I saw a train of two-legged horse-mules, one hundred in number, packing 50 lbs each from Missouri Camp to Onion Valley, at the rate of $20 per 100 lbs. There were some Germans who packed 75 lbs. to the load. I saw a Polander with one hundred pounds on his back, and I was told that he did it every day - pocketing his twenty dollars each day for packing a distance of twenty-one miles over the hardest, hilliest roads, covered with the deepest snow. It is almost incredible to see what men will undergo in California.

The road is completely blocked up to the North Fork of feather river, except for footmen. I left my train up at the American ranch, and footed it down to this place. I intend starting in the morning with another train, of thirty-five mules, to try again the Sierra Nevada, but “quien sabe” if all will be able to get there with mules. I would also state that I expect to be again in Sacramento in about three weeks.

Yours as ever



Submitted by Betty Loose betty@unisette.com




The Daily Union

Sacramento, California

Wednesday Morning, April 16, 1851


FIRE DEPARTMENT - Our fire companies are proving by their continued efforts, the deep interest they take in the welfare of our city. Last evening, the cistern at the corner of Sixth and J streets was filled by Company No. 2 assisted by Hook and Ladder Company No. 1.

When our citizens, in warm and oppressive weather such as yesterday, exert themselves for the accomplishment of public good, they deserve the gratitude of all, and the praises bestowed by those who have witnessed their labors, show how well their efforts are appreciated.


FIVE THOUSAND - A friend gives this as the number of Geese that passed over our city in a gang yesterday. All that we can say about the matter is that there were immense numbers going northward. Probably their ultimate destination is China as several Chinese, it is said, were out conversing with them as the passed.


ROUGH AND READY - Our information from this mining town is of a favorable cast. The miners are doing tolerably well. The ditch to conduct water from Deer Creek, is completed, or nearly so, which will afford a sufficiency of water, during the present season, to enable the miners to operate successfully.


FROM THE MOKELUMNE - An over quantity of water is complained of, and we are told that it will be late in July before the river will be low enough to allow the miners to work with the greatest advantage. Provisions were abundant and prices good.

An American ship bound for San Francisco had arrived at Valparaiso, having been out 386 days, 111 of which she had been at sea.


MELANCHOLY ACCIDENT - Most of our citizens remember William HOLMES, who was long and popularly known as bar keeper at the Crescent City Hotel. Yesterday we received tidings of his death. It is painful to pen news that will bring sorrow to his friends in other lands, who are already in suspense concerning the welfare of those they love among us.

Mr. HOLMES leaves friends in our city and California, as well as in New Orleans, from where he came. He has an uncle in that city, a merchant on Canal Street.

The following note, written apparently in a great hurry on a blank leaf of a small account book, contains all account of the circumstances that we have received.

2nd Friday, April 11. Deer Creek Bluff, 25 miles from Lawson’s Ranch, on Lawson’s Route across the plains.

Mr. SYLVESTER, Dear Sir: - A young man formerly in your employ by the name of William HOLMES has just accidentally shot himself. He was sitting in the tent and drew towards him a double barreled shot gun, loaded with buck shot which went off, killing him in about 40 minutes. He spoke but a few words before he died.

I am now going to examine him, and I will give you hereafter all the information I can respecting him. CHAS. O. KIMBALL


HORSE MARKET - The demand for animals in the packing trade having been supplied, the transactions at the market have been limited to the casual wants of the community. Mules are declining and range from $40 to $75; horses from $40 to $150; and oxen from $100 to $150 per yoke.


GRISLY Cub - We saw a man bearing a bear in his arms yesterday along J street. It was about as large as a year old baby, and quite as docile. A crowd gathered wherever the man stopped, besetting him with questions, “where did you catch it,” “where did you catch it,” “does it bite,” “what does it eat,” “are you gwine to take it to the States,” and a thousand or so of similar import, which we must forbear giving for want of space.


REPORTED MURDER - A man named Belthazar BOCKINS, formerly of Iowa, is said to have been murdered by some person unknown, on the ranch of Mr. H.R. CURTIS in Suisun Valley, twenty miles from Benicia. The Benicia Gazette says that much excitement prevails in the neighborhood.

Submitted by Betty Loose betty@unisette.com


The Daily Union

Sacramento, CA

Tuesday Morning, May 6, 1851


San Francisco Again in Ashes.

We do not know how to pen an article upon any subject for this day’s paper, for our very heart is made sick and sorrowful by the awful calamity which has been again entailed upon our sister City.

We have seen nothing in California which has so entirely absorbed our esteem, and inspired us with so much pride as this wonderful city. The elastic energy which the people of San Francisco have exhibited after the dreadful conflagrations that have occurred there - the Phoenix-like grandeur with which they have reared immense stores and splendid edifices on the ruins of inferior buildings - the buoyant spirits which they have maintained amidst the direst adversities - have so endeared them to us as noble specimens of the American people, that we cannot conceal the pain and misery which their last misfortune has induced in our minds.

This seems to be a severer and more insurmountable calamity than any two they have previously incurred. The extent of the fire, the awful demolition of expensive and magnificent structures, the illimitable amount of property in merchandise destroyed, and worse than all, the loss of human lives, give to our feelings such a tome of grief and heart-felt sympathy, that we feel more like weeping for our San Francisco friends, than interesting ourselves in what is going on around us in Sacramento.

After such repeated devastations by fire in our great commercial Metropolis, will there not be something done which will, in the future, protect the city in their bold and incomparable strides of progress? Will the people of that place permit a future improvement which is not in itself a perfect wall of defence against the repetition of sweeping fires?

If they go on as they have heretofore, filling up the city with combustible materials, and take no step towards widening their streets, nothing can be expected but a continuation of the melancholy fate which as thus far followed them. It is true and most creditable that San Francisco did within the last eight months display a generous spirit of enterprise, in the erection of brick buildings and iron warehouses; but it is as true, unfortunately, that these buildings which were justly considered in themselves fireproof, were made of no avail, from the vast amount of inflammable material which surrounded them.

We know it is a difficult thing to go into the erection of those expensive buildings which can alone resist this destructive element, especially when no license is given for different buildings in any part of the city; but certainly past experience makes it the only safe way, and the only safe way is ultimately the only economical method of reconstructing the city. But whilst the character of the buildings forms a strong subject of policy, yet there is another thing more essentially necessary in all cities, and that is the securement of wide streets, and the paving of those streets with some kind of material which cannot burn.

Most essentially is it necessary for San Francisco to take immediate and determined steps towards widening their streets. That is something which can now be done by property holders appropriating on each side of their thoroughfares ten or fifteen feet to their lots to the city; and thus they will give themselves street room, which in the event of fire will enable them to battle against the devouring flames, and which will make it much more difficult for the communication of fire from one street to another. We believe this would do more towards preventing another calamity of the kind than anything else that could be done.

And again, if any city in the world needs and has the facility for the immediate construction of an immense reservoir, it is San Francisco.

It has been asserted that a full supply of fresh water could be easily brought into that city, and given a head which would make it entirely unnecessary for any engine forcers in case of fire. Certainly, if any means can be devised there by which the city could be flooded in a few hours, it ought to be one of the very first things thought of, when the broken spirits of our friends begin to reproduce the lineaments of a new built home for commerce and enterprise.

We look with intense anxiety to the next news, hoping most devoutly that we shall hear that first statements were exaggerated. Most sincerely do we sympathize with our co-laborers in the press. From all we can learn, they have been, as a class, most severely assailed by the elements, leaving but one newspaper establishment to chronicle the sad and distressing information.

We are really most profoundly thankful that the ?Alta? escaped the general ruin, and rejoice not a little that our excellent friends of the “Balance” succeeded in saving the bulk of their printing materials.

How friend CRANE and WILKINSON, and the proprietors of the Standard and Herald can sustain their frequently incurred losses, we cannot conceive; but hope that their resources may be adequate to the dreadful emergency into which they have been thrown.

We believe, however, that the energy which has built up and sustained these splendid periodicals of San Francisco, will not, cannot be crushed by adverse circumstances.

Such fires in that city are strong admonitions to Sacramento; for while we have been wonderfully prospered in exemptions from fires, yet there is obviously too little interest displayed in the getting up of fire companies, and sustaining them when organized.

Let Sacramento derive wisdom from such calamities as have often fastened their blighting influence upon our friends at the Bay.

The river is again going down, and we may, from the experience of past seasons, according to old settlers of this country, and the prognostics for the future, expect a very low stage of water. Some of the smaller streams above are falling, and the snow is fast leaving the lower parts of the mountains. There is every prospect of high water being no longer a barrier to fortune, and that the hitherto unrevealed beds of the rivers will in the course of the summer exhibit the treasures they have long been supposed to contain.


FROM REDDING’S SPRINGS - We have received late accounts from this point. The Indians are complained of as being exceedingly troublesome and as keeping up the constant fears of the whites. The stealing of animals is an every day occurrence. They are represented as becoming bolder every day in their incursions. Nothing short of extermination will subdue them, as they are a fearless kind of Indians totally unlike the degenerate and harmless Diggers that visit our city.


DEPARTURE OF SAN FRANCISCO VISITORS - The Senator left this city yesterday morning laden with residents of San Francisco, who returned en masse in consequence of the dire calamity which has befallen them. The boats at 2 o’clock were crowded with passengers, as great numbers of our citizens are pecuniarily interested in the misfortunes which have overtaken our great commercial emporium.


INGENUITY - In a confectioner’s window on J street near 7th, a characteristic representation of the miner’s life may be seen. Huge rocks, pine trees, deep gulches, the packed mule, rocker, pan, long handled shovel, tent, cooking utensils, men and the “oro” itself are imitated with a futility that conveys to the mind a strong impression of the realities daily undergone by the most numerous portion of California’s citizens.


LEG BROKEN - In one of the processions yesterday a valuable horse by some means unfortunately broke his leg, and had to be shot to prevent a life of uselessness and suffering.


SHOT - On Friday last a man was riding about four miles beyond Georgetown, when he was fired upon by some person concealed near the road. The ball passed entirely through the flesh part of his thigh and entered the horse, which fell dead in his tracks. It was doubtless the intention of the person that fired to murder and rob the wounded man, but he was prevented by the bad shot he had made. No clue had been found to the assassin when our informant left.


TEHAMA - We witnessed last night the performance of ?Macbeth.? Mr. Stark performed the leading character; Mr. McCronMacduff;” and Mrs. Kirby as “Lady Macbeth.” Mr. S. acquitted himself nobly in many parts of the performances, as did Mrs. K, but a number of scenes were severely marred by the disagreeable and continuous report from the prompter.



Submitted by Betty Loose betty@unisette.com


The Daily Union

Sacramento, CA

Tuesday Morning, May 13, 1851


Common Council

Monday, May 12, 1851

The Mayor in the chair. The minutes of the previous meeting read and approved.

A message was received from the Mayor, and on motion of Ald. MARTIN, was referred to a special committee.

Sundry petitions for the office of City Physician, and members of Police, all referred to committee on applications for office.

On motion of Ald. DUNCOMBE, the message of the Mayor was referred to committee on printing, with instructions to print the same.

The Mayor gave notice that the contract with the City Hospital, expired to-day, whereupon a committee was appointed to superintend the removal of the sick to the State Hospital.

Ald. MARTIN, HUTCHINSON and KENNEDY, were appointed said committee.

Report of City Hospital, for week ending May 12th. Admitted, none; Discharged 1; Died 2; Remaining 19.

The chairman of committee to whom was referred the petition for the removal of canvus houses on block bounded by J and K, and First and Second streets, reported in favor of their removal. Report accepted, and the Mayor requested to issue a proclamation for their removal.

Chairman of committee on bonds of city officers, reported the bonds of City Marshal, and City Treasurer, satisfactory. Report accepted.

The clerk was requested to notify the late City Treasurer, to hand over the books and papers to the present incumbent.

On motion of Ald. DUNCOMBE, a committee was appointed to select some suitable room for the use of the Council.

Ald. PEEBELS moved that the ordinance on Police be taken from the table, and referred to committee on Police and Watch.

Adjourned till 8 o’clock Wednesday evening.


THE MAYOR’S MESSAGE - This excellent document which we publish officially ought to be read by every citizen. It is not only a well written production, but the suggestions which it contains, are of too great importance to the city and too obviously proper to need any urging at our hands, if we were allotted space to respond to our inclination.

The report from the Chief Engineer also contains most valuable suggestions, which should be carefully considered by our new Council.


SPLENDID SADDLE - We understand that a magnificent silver-mounted saddle, with bridle and martingale, is to be raffled for at the Orleans House, where it can now be seen. The chances are five dollars a piece. The raffle will take place as soon as the proper number of shares are disposed of. It is the property of Mr. SHELTON, the Horticulturist.


MISS CARPENTER - We had the satisfaction, last night, of witnessing the first appearance of this beautiful actress at the little Tehama Drury. She made her debut at Pauline, in Bulwer’s exquisite play, “The Lady of Lyons.” In the first, second and fifth acts we do not wish to see a more delightful performance than she exhibited. She was all that could be wished in the delineation of vanity and coquettish pride, and in the last she sustained most beautifully, the sacrificial offering upon the altar of filial love, and the unutterable transports that flowed from her ransom by one who had wooed from her heart every attribute of affection, save the filial sympathy for a falling parent. In the third and fourth acts there are scenes in which the calibre of woman’s voice is insufficient to reach the potent hold of expression to which the fired and towering sentiments of the author tend. In these she found it difficult to support the character even as her own conception formed it. B!

 ut she is one of those performers, whose winning points so vastly outnumber her faults as to surround her with the most enthusiastic admirers. She was tremendously applauded, and at the conclusion of the play, was called for until she reappeared with Mr. Stark before the curtain. We have devoted this much to Miss C., because we think she deserves it, and because we would extend her a cheerful welcome to a California stage.

Stark’s Cluade Melnotte was excellent, and deserving the character which he has so nobly achieved in his superb Richelieu. Campbell, Dayl and Coad were excellent, and Mrs. Burrill and Mrs. Mansfield were better than we have ever seen them before. The great beauty of the whole performance was the perfect manner in which all remembered their parts.


Indian Murder in El Dorado County!

We are sorry to be compelled to announce that the Indians in El Dorado county are again becoming troublesome, and that they have once more commenced open hostilities by murdering several miners. We are furnished the particulars of this unfortunate affair by Mr. P. STILLWILL, formerly a merchant of Burlington, Iowa.

It seems that on Friday night last a company of miners, on a prospecting tour, were encamped about six miles from Johnson’s Ranch, above Hangtown, when they were fired upon by a party of Indians. A. Mr. WADE, formerly of Rochester, Wis., was shot dead. Another gentleman, whose name we have not learnt, received a very severe wound in the neck, but is likely to recover; while a third has not been found since the murder, and is supposed by his companions to have been killed at the same time.

This lamentable occurrence is justly calculated to incite the miners to take summary and terrible vengeance upon their merciless foe. And who can blame them? The hardships and privations of the miner’s life are dreadful enough under the most favorable circumstances; but when is superadded to those, that of living in constant jeopardy of life, it assumes an aspect sufficiently appalling to deter the boldest spirits from the mines.

Since the foregoing was put in type, we have received a letter from Placerville, signed “Hangtown,” through Hunter & Co.’s Express, from which we extract the following additional particulars:

“On Saturday, twenty-four men volunteered to go out for the purpose of obtaining the dead body of J.B. WADE. On repairing to the spot where the attack was made, they were unable to find anything save a few bones and a heap of ashes. Hence the presumption is, that the body was burned. About this time the Indians made an attack on this party, who had to cross the river, (the North Fork of the American,) and keep up a fight while they were retreating. The Indians, supposed to number some 250, and mostly well armed with rifles, followed the party about four miles.

In this skirmish, a Mr. CLARK, of Clay county, Missouri, was wounded, supposed mortally. Four of the enemy are known to have been killed.

To-day (Sunday) some of the skirmishing party are in town endeavoring to raise volunteers, with the intention to go out and give them “a little more grape.”

This is but one of the depredations of a like character, that occur rather frequently in this section of the country. It is not safe for a small party to go five miles beyond Johnson’s Ranch on the emigrant road, so great is the probability of their being attacked by the savages in that vicinity.

It seems rather strange that the General Government is not willing, or able, to defend our citizens on the frontier. Where are the U.S. troops? Are they defending our frontiers and protecting our citizens who are thus exposed to the merciless hands of these savages, or are they lolling in luxury and idleness at Benicia! Are the U.S. troops doing their duty, or are they not?


RECORDER’S COURT - An interesting trial came off in the Recorder’s Court yesterday, in which one James WHETLEY was defendant, and Richard WILLIAMS plaintiff. The object of the trial, or rather examination, was to ascertain whether sufficient cause could be shown to justify the court in committing the accused and sending him up for further trial, on the charge of obtaining money under false pretenses , from the said WILLIAMS. After much ingenious argumentation, pro et con, by the opposing counsel, the Recorder gave his decision in the affirmative, and the said WHETLEY was accordingly bound over in the sum of $1,000 to appear before his Honor Rod ROBINSON, of the District Court.

The affair grew out of the result of a bet upon a newly-contrived “joker.” It seems that Williams was accosted in the street, by a man, supposed to be an accomplice of Whetley, with the request to change him four two-bit pieces for a silver dollar. At this particular time the prisoner appeared, and the question as to whether it was a counterfeit dollar was raised. The question was quickly decided, for on striking the supposed dollar against some hard substance, if flew open, exhibiting a small cavity containing a piece of ribbon. WHETLEY then took the piece in his hand and removed the ribbon, permitting WILLIAMS, however, to catch a glimpse of the movement. In a little time the first person proposed to bet the dollar still contained the ribbon. WHETLEY would like to bet but had no money. WILLIAMS supposing that he had the dead thing, lent him his purse, containing $62. The bet was made - the dollar opened - and lo! The ribbon appears; then the winner pockets the dust - WHETL!

 EY ain’t got any money - WILLIAMS felt himself miserably “sold,” and hence the whole affair.


Sacramento, May 12th, 1851

Mr. Editor - Sir: Having seen a notice in the papers announcing a benefit at the Tehama Theatre for the Dramatic sufferers in the late fire in San Francisco, allow me most respectfully to inform you, that neither my wife or myself had any share in the proceeds therefrom.

For some days previous to the benefit, I had dissolved partnership with Dr. Robinson. By giving the above an insertion, you will oblige. Yours, most respectfully.



>From the Nevada Journal, we copy the following:

REMARKABLE FATALITY - Died in this city on the 9th of April, of Erysipelas, Capt. J.E. DODGE, of Bates county, Mo., aged 36 years. He has left a large and interesting family to mourn his loss.

In the same house, of the same disease on the 11th of April, Gideon B. ARNETT of Cass co., Mo., aged 21 years.

In the same house, of the same disease, on the 1st of May, Ogden WOODRUFF of Bates co, Mo., aged 22 years.

In the same house, of the same disease, on the 8th of May, Storrs AUSTIN, of Bates co., Mo., aged 30 years. He left a wife to mourn his loss.

They crossed the Plains in the same company (Capt. Dodge’s) have lived together while here, and may be said to have died together. It may be a consolation to their relations to know that they were kindly nursed by their friends and had the best medical attendance.



Submitted by Betty Loose betty@unisette.com



The Daily Union

Sacramento, Cal.

Saturday, September 18, 1852


THE FAIR - We are requested to say that the Ladies’ Fair at the new brick church, corner L and Seventh streets, will close This Evening.  The doors will be opened at 7 o'clock, and all articles remaining unsold at 9 o'clock, will be sold at auction.


SECOND WARD SCOTT CLUB - The Whigs of the Second Ward will assemble

This Evening at the Crescent City Hotel, to complete their organization of a Scott and Graham Club. A full and punctual attendance is earnestly solicited.


MILITARY FUNERAL - The solemn rites of a military burial were performed yesterday afternoon, over the body of Thomas COLLINS.  The Governor’s Guard, with muffled drum and shrouded banners, accompanied his remains to the grave, the deceased having been a member of that military corps.


THE WEATHER - After three or four days of cool and invigorating weather, we had a decided change yesterday, the mercury in the after part of the day standing at 90 in the shade.


OWING to the few State papers received by the steamer Pacific, we have compiled most of our news from the San Francisco journals.


THE LADIES' SEWING CIRCLE of the Episcopal Society, will assemble at the residence of Mrs. GRIFFITH on J street, at 8 o’clock, this afternoon.


THANKS - ADAMS & Co. first delivered our San Francisco exchange papers. GREGORY, on the arrival of the Confidence, furnished us with files of Eastern papers, including London journals of late date.


THE HENRY CLAY CLAMITY - All the officers and men on board the Henry Clay, who were in any way the cause of the recent disaster, have been arrested and liberated on procuring bail on the amount of $10,000 each. The 24th instant has been fixed for the hearing of the accused parties. This has been done at the request of the officers themselves, but it is probable there will be a longer delay, as there is at present no Grand Jury, and the United States Court will not open until the first Tuesday in September. It is said that the District Attorney of Westchester county will not take any action in the matter, but will leave the entire prosecution to the U.S. Court.

   The Supreme Court of Maine has decided that people may keep and use liquor for private purposes, and that it may be brought in and transported through the State.

   A dispatch from Boston states that the English steamship Devastation has taken four American prizes into Charlottetown, and that about one hundred French fishermen have been driven away from Belle Isle.

   It is said that a challenge has passed between Messrs. BAYLEY, of Va, and PHELPS, of Mo., on account of some words used in a debate in the House of Representatives upon the Navy appropriation Bill.

   Accounts from Labrador, state that the ship Charles, and a portion of the crew of the ship Sappho, had driven twenty-nine French bateaux and one hundred Frenchmen, off Belle Isle, so that they did not get a single fish.

   The town of Helena, Ark., was almost entirely consumed by fire on the 9th of August. Only two houses left. Loss estimated at $100,000.

   Lieut. Alvarado HUNTER has been restored to his command in the navy.

   The Naval Court Martial at Norfolk has dismissed commander Paine from the command of the sloop-of-war Cyano.

   Commodore PERRY, of the steam frigate Mississippi, met with a warm reception at St. John’s. He intends proceeding to Halifax, and probably to Newfoundland, and return to New York about the 1st of September.

   An amendment to the appropriation bill for the appropriation of $20,000 for the purpose of testing the use of camels on the Plains, had been made.

   Extensive fires have destroyed vast amounts of property in West Troy. Loss estimated at $150,000.

   The St. John papers say that the British Government had taken the fishery question out of Mr. CRAMPTON?s hands, and would stand by the colonies. In Washington, it is said, that the prospect for an early and amicable adjustment of the question heightens, and that no misunderstanding had occurred between Mr. WEBSTER and the President.

   Four ships sailed from New York recently for the Australian gold mines with 636 passengers. Five others were shortly to leave that port for the same destination.

   The bark Onile has been purchased at Baltimore for the erection of lighthouses on the Pacific coast.



LIVERY STABLE - FROST & Co., have recently opened a large stable on Second street, near the corner of I. The location is an excellent one for business, and they hope to receive a fair share of public patronage. They have spared no expenses in procuring excellent horses and carriages, which will be let at all hours, and on the most reasonable terms.


Sacramento Union

Friday Morning, October 1, 1852


MYSTERIOUS - Mr. SIMS, an emigrant, has placed in our possession a bundle, the contents of which he picked up near the main road between this city and Nevada, about five miles above JOHNSON’s ranch, on the Bear river, supposed to belong to some one who has been foully dealt with. The bundle consists of a gentleman’s blue black cloth cloak, considerably worn and of large dimensions, containing, among other things, a variety of wearing apparel, male and female, and a small square box, the principal contents of which are a gold brooch, two finger rings, and a draft for $20, drawn by J.W. GREGORY in favor of Margaretta BAKER.

  Mr. Sims had gone some distance from the road with his gun to hunt, when his attention was attracted by article after article of the things above enumerated, scattered in various directions. Believing something mysterious to be connected with their history, he brought them into the city and left them in charge at this office, where they will be exhibited for identification.


INCENDIARISM - On Wednesday night last, an attempt was made to fire the drug store of Dr. R.H. M’DONALD, and the IRVING house adjoining. Some kind of combustible material was thrown between the buildings, which are separated by but a few inches, and communicated the flame to the house of Dr. M’Donald, whose lady discovered it before an alarm was given or any material damage done.



                    Thursday, Sept 29, 1852

 A full court this morning set off the total absence of cases yesterday. Among the “features,” we observed a venerable colored lady with an umbrella, in allusion doubtless to the hazy weather which has for some time prevailed, and a nervous individual, who emptied his stomach at the back door, by vomiting. Too much of the “ardent” had made him very sick.

  Edward CRICKARD, for drunkenness and disorderly conduct, was found guilty on his own confession, and fined $5 and costs.

  William O’ROURKE and Matthew RICE, for disturbing the peace and fighting. On a hearing, Matthew was discharged, with many thanks to the Court for its leniency for letting him out of the hands of the law “for once.” Before reaching the street door, however, the aforesaid Matthew in the exuberance of his happiness, performed several vary ungentlemanly actions, which caused his re-arrest. A salutary admonition from the Court humbled him considerably, when he was a second time discharged.

  William O’ROURKE was found guilty. His presence before the Recorder has become a matter of almost daily occurrence; and each time he comes he bears with him additional scratches and wounds on the face, till his physiognomy is covered with blotches. Mr. O’Rourke would doubtless reform if he could, but the boxing and drinking propensity was so strongly developed in his illustrious progenitors, that he imbibed it as a family legacy, and yields to the seductive influences which it inspires.

Submitted by Betty Loose betty@unisette.com



The Daily Union

Sacramento, Cal.

Monday morning, September 20, 1852


REAL ESTATE SALE THIS DAY - J.B. STARR sells at auction this day, at the Orleans House, at 11 o'clock, A.M., by catalogue, some of the most valuable property that has been offered at auction in this city for a long time. It comprises fifteen ten acre farms between this city and the town of Sutter. The emigration and those who wish a good home for their families, with the best of titles secured to them, should be punctual and attend this sale, for such chances will seldom be met with hereafter.

   There are also two farms to be sold of one hundred and sixty acres each, with all the improvements. One is six miles below the city, on the Sacramento river, which we are informed is a most beautiful location, and has been cultivated for two and a half years. The other farm is situated on the Hangtown road, and contains one hundred and sixty acres, with all the improvements, such as buildings, wagons, stock, and everything necessary for a farmer to take immediate possession.

   The houses and lots on M, K, and other streets, deserve the attention of those who wish to purchase.

    In addition to the above, the storeship Dimon, foot of J street, will be sold. For further information we refer to the advertisement.

   We are in hopes to see a large number attend the sale.


AUBURN AND BEAR RIVER CANAL CO. - There was a large meeting of the stockholders of the above company held at Auburn, on Saturday, 18th inst. The capital stock of the company was increased from $300,000 to $350,000.


Submitted by Betty Loose betty@unisette.com



The Daily Union

Sacramento, Cal.

Tuesday morning, September 21, 1852



FROM THE PLAINS - the following persons have arrived at Placerville during the last week, from the Plains:



Submitted by Betty Loose betty@unisette.com


The Daily Union

Sacramento, Cal.

Friday, September 24, 1852


PANAMA ITEMS - The steamer Brother Jonathan arrived at Panama on the 3d inst., having made the run from Valparaiso to that port in twelve days.

   The roads on the Isthmus are represented to be in a very bad condition. Showers are very frequent. There is but little sickness on the Isthmus.

   The steamer Illinois brought 350 passengers, most of whom will come up on the Golden Gate and Winfield Scott. The Panama Echo of the 3d inst. states that the Vice President of the Panama Railroad Company, and the chief Engineer, came out from New York on the Illinois - that they will soon be in Panama - that there have been eight miles more of the road put under contract - that said eight miles are at this end of the road - that all that is necessary to import from the United States (they expect) will be here in a few days, and, that the execution of the contract will be very shortly commenced.


Recorder’s Court - Before Judge McGREW.

                    SEPTEMBER 23, 1852

Assault and Battery - ACHOON in this case was the defendant, Choon-Foke plaintiff. The left visual organ of the latter in deep mourning, evinced that a game of gouge, thrust or tumble had been enacted.  ACHOON averred that he was innocent of the charge, "He never fight no man. He give SHOON-FOKE push, who fall himself. He want CHOON-FOKE leave, he no leave, he fall."

   Choon-Foke’s testimony was directly the opposite of this, so that the Recorder suspended judgment till this morning, that he might inform himself better of the facts, through the medium of some Chinaman better acquainted with the English language.

   Julia MASON, alias Biddy, vs. Mrs. O’LEARY, for assault and battery. A large bruise on the right cheek and a cluster of small scabs under the nose, imparted to Biddy’s countenance no very agreeable complexion, and showed very plainly that she was more or less of a termagant pugilist. A swinging motion of the right hand when she address the court - an affecting application of the same member to her heart, with an occasional long drawn sigh and gesticulation of the cross, were convincing proofs of her high regard for piety and whisky.  "Broke your glass, Mrs. O'LEARY! Me broke your glass! Na, na, na. I broke no glass. The Lord forgive her for that." A gush of tenderness had nearly overpowered the sensitive heart of the amiable plaintiff, whos dreamy gaze fixed itself  upon the floor, while she rocked her body backwards and forwards in an agony of grief. An obliviousness of memory incapacitated her from answering the inquiry as to whether she had not been drunk or drinking when she went to Mrs. O’Leary’s house. She "did not know - she was then, just as she is now." The conclusion from the reply was easy and satisfactory. Biddy was ordered from the court. Her own testimony proved her the aggressor upon an innocent woman. Before reaching the door of egress, she turned a look of withering scorn upon the executors of justice, and was about to accompany it with a volley, when the repeated order in a louder key, caused her to change her determination and hasten from their hated presence. Several other unimportant cases were disposed of.




   Per steamship Panama from Panama: J.B. OSGOOD, J.F. APHAM, Miss M. SMITH, P. WILKERSON, C.S. ROBINSON, M. ROGENBURGH, wife and 2 children  and servant, S. KESHLAND, wife, child and servant, Miss RASINBAUN, J. BARNES, wife and child, W. LORD, Mrs. SNYDER and child, Anson RUSS, S. MONFERD, A. HALLCCK, R. SHAFFERKEN, C.A. WHITING, W. FRENCH, H.S. TAFT, A.B. ABBOT, Capt. JORDAN and servant, Thos. MEAD, John MULER, Miss E.J. REED, P. PAULIN, D.W.S. BROMLEY, Wm. H. BAXTEN, Mrs. LORD and 2 children, Mrs. FURGISON, Capt. Scott W. KAUFMAN, M. GRILSERBAND, W.S. MOORE, M. POLAND, Paulin SMITH, C.W. REED, J.S. HOWELL, B.P. EMERY, D. THOMPSON, Miss KNIPSCHEID, S. FERGISON, H.R. KIMBALL, John ELAM, Mrs. MORESE, Miss POLAND, Miss DANTENTY, Miss SINTON, J. AILSON, Mr. BURFORD and lady. W.H. RICHARDSON, G.B. HORN, Mr. THOMAS and 2 children, Mr. BUCHANAN, C.A. LEYRION, Mrs. STEARNS, Dr. La Corder, RONSCOT, W.M. WIKENSON, R. ROSS, J. REYNOLD, T.J. DEAN, H. WOOD, and 220 in the steerage.


Submitted by Betty Loose betty@unisette.com



Sacramento Daily Union

Monday Morning February 11, 1856 

ANOTHER BODY FOUND - The body of Napoleon HIGHT, 2d pilot of the steamer Belle, was recovered by grappling about half past four o’clock yesterday afternoon, in the vicinity of the place where the explosion occurred. The skull was terribly fractured, necessarily producing death instantly. The remains were brought to this city, and, by direction of a brother of deceased, will be interred at 1 o’clock this afternoon, from the Baptist Church, on Fourth street. An inquest will be held thereon, by Coroner BELL, at Murray’s on Fourth street, at 11 o’clock, A.M. Deceased was about 29 years of age, and formerly resided a St Louis, Mo. Thirteen bodies have been recovered in all, none other than the above having been found within the past three days. 

Submitted by Betty Loose betty@unisette.com


Daily Union, Sacramento

Friday Morning February 14, 1856 

Schooner Page just arrived, 39 days from Japan - reports that about January, In latitude 45 N, longitude 180, encountered a terrific gale, which damaged the vessel badly, carrying away bulwarks - had to throw part of the cargo overboard, kept pumps working incessantly ever since, making 2,000 strokes per hour.

On the 1st of November a violent earthquake visited Japan at Jeddo; 10,000 dwellings and 54 temples were destroyed! Twenty thousand inhabitants perished! The earth opened and closed again, over a large part of the city.

The treaty with France not yet concluded. 

NUGGETS - A RICH CLAIM - We have been shown, by Mr. F.S. ROGERS, of Mud Springs, a nugget of nearly pure gold weighing 26 ½ ounces, found by a Chinaman recently about a quarter of a mile from that town. Three other specimens, weighing respectively one, two and three ounces, were found by the same Chinaman in the same claim. 

FOLSOM FORWARDING HOUSE - Henry B. WADDILOVE, a ‘49-er, merchant of this place, has, with that enterprise and energy so characteristic of an old resident, established the pioneer mercantile house at Folsom, the present terminus of the railroad. His warehouse is situated immediately contiguous to the depot, and he has ample accommodations for the reception of such goods as may be consigned to him for storage or shipment. The probity and sterling integrity of Mr. WADDILOVE, together with his known and acknowledged business capacity, induces us to cheerfully and heartily recommend him to the public as a man thoroughly fitted for the avocation which he has chosen. As will be seen by reference to another column, his references embrace our leading business houses. 


Per steamship Golden Gate, from Panama - Rev. J.D. BOULES, E. KELLEY, C.W. HAMMERSLY, Capt. WELSH and lady, Dr. H. FOSTER, Capt. CORSE, Capt. WILLISTON, E. CONNER, A. S. AMES, wife and two children, Mrs. SHED and 3 children, Daniel GIBBS and wife, John HANNA, Mrs. H. DARRELL and 5 children, John KELLY, Mrs. BACON, Mrs. MACEY, R.S. MESSICK, Mrs. SELLECK and infant, W.D. VINCENT, J.H. WARRINGTON, Miss IDENSON, J. JOHNSON and wife, G.W. JOHNSON, E. LANYARD, Mrs. PIERSON and 2 children, B.F. LOW, wife and 8 children, Mrs. R.S. OGDEN and infant, Augustus JOUAN, Mrs. JEWELL, 3 ladies and boy, Mrs. SWINGER and 3 children, Mrs. LINMAR, Mrs. LAPREY, L. LEESE, M. HYLAND, wife and 2 infants, R.V. SPINK, H. SMITH, D. WILLIAMS, G.L. McKENZIE, J. McCORMICK, wife and 3 children, M. CHASE, Mrs. CULVER and child, P.C. PEARSON, S. GARDNER, M. GRAY, H.A. BUCKLEY, G. FRINK, J. BRADFORD, J.C. PALMER, Mrs. FROUCK and 2 children, Miss FROUCK, B.C. HOLLIMAN, Mrs. G.A. GARDNER, M. AZIEL and servant, Geo. COPWAY, R.J. PHILIPS, Mrs. McDONALD, E. JONES, wife and infant, Mrs. J. CHAPMAN and two daughters, G.W. HUGHES, G. HALL, J. W. WALLACE, Miss SCHROEDER, two brothers and sister, Mrs. O’NEIL and three children, S. CORDY, C. LEISENGARD, C.P. SKINNER, L. NATHAN, S. JOHNS, A. KARKE, P. WEYMUCH, S. PRATT, A. ALEXANDER, C.A. McDONALD, Miss ROVEN, Mrs. R.S. ROBERTSON and child, S. GUDAY, Mr. HOURKABE and lady, J. MARTIN, Mrs. M.T. MONROE, Miss LEISENBERG, J. BRISBY, Mary KAGAN, Miss E. ADIR, D. WILLARD, J.B. ROBINSON, J.J. SMITH, S.C. GRIFFIN, D.P. DAVENPORT, J.P. NESMITH and lady, S.A. COOLIDGE, lady and child, R.D. DOWNS and lady, M.G. DEANE and lady, A. LEE, F.M. CHAPMAN and lady, Miss B. CLARK, Mrs. De LASARD and child, W.G. TAYLOR, F. OGDEN, Mrs. TURNBILL, Mrs. HARRIS, C.D. FITCH, lady and 3 children, F. COY and lady, C. DORSAY and boy, Miss THAYER, Mrs. HILL and 3 children, Capt. WILLISTON, F.B. COLLINS, Mrs. McKLEON , Mrs. J.A. DUMPFEL, Miss E. COMPELL, J.L. HUNT, Mrs. Sarah BULKLEY, Mrs. S.B. BURDFORD, B.A. BURDFORD, S. BURT, Mrs. GLYNN, Mrs. E.W. LOTT, Don CUSTODIO, Mrs. J.R. NICHOLS and infant, W.S. CHAMBERLAIN, Mrs. COLSON and child, and 5_8 in the steerage.   

Submitted by Betty Loose betty@unisette.com

Sacramento Daily Bee

Wednesday Evening September 15, 1858 

RECEPTION OF FERGUSON’S BODY - A committee of citizens of San Francisco having in charge the body of the late Hon. W.I. FERGUSON, will proceed this afternoon at 4 o’clock on the steamer Queen City to Benicia, where they will be met by a committee from this city, who will proceed on the Antelope at 2 o’clock. The following gentlemen will compose the committee from Sacramento: Hon H.S. NICHOLS, President of the Board of Supervisors; ex-Mayors DYER and Redding General REDINGTON, W.S. MANLOVE, C.S. FAIRFAX, David T. BAGLEY, L. HAMILTON, Col. L. SANDERS, Dr. H. HOUGHTON, Dr. POWELL, W.H. WEEKS, John H. HOUSMAN, F.S. MUMFORD of Mormon Island, A.P. CATLIN, of Folsom, E.E. EYRE, John Q. BROWN, L.W. FERRIS, B.F. MAUDLIN, R.D. FERGUSON, W.S. LONG, A.R. JACKSON, Dr. F.A. PARK, Hon. Humphrey GRIFFITH, Hon. James M. McDONALD, Hon. D.S. TERRY, B.C. WHITING, N.G. CURTIS, W.S. WHITE, and James McCLATCHY. Upon the arrival of the Queen City the body will be removed to the Congregational Church, on Sixth street, from which it will be buried to-morrow morning at 10 o’clock. Rev. J.A. BENTON will preach the funeral sermon at 9 ½ o’clock to-morrow. The military, firemen, and citizens generally will join the procession at the church.

RECEPTION OF THE NEWS OF FERGUSON’S DEATH - The news of the sudden and unexpected death of the Hon. W.I. FERGUSON reached this city at about 5 o’clock last evening, and the report spread like wildfire throughout the town. It was the general subject of conversation in every circle, one and all, expressing universal regret at the untimely death of the young and talented Senator. Soon as possible the flags on all the engine houses in town, the Orleans and Union hotels, Kirk & Co., and The Bee office, were displayed at half-mast, and a general feeling of regret was manifested everywhere, both by outward and other signs. The telegraph offices were thronged up to a late hour to obtain particulars of his death, but few were satisfied as the intelligence was very meagre

MULES KILLED - About 1 o’clock yesterday, as Alexander EARLY was driving a six-mule team to this city, and while in the act of crossing the railroad at a point near Brighton, some six miles from town, the 12 o’clock train of cars from Folsom came along, and before he could get off the track, the locomotive cut through the team, causing the death of three of the mules. The team belonged to Josiah GALLUP, and the animals lost were worth at least $70. 

A VALUABLE PRIZE - Jack HOLMES offers a prize of a valuable gun, worth one hundred dollars, which can be seen at the establishment of Wilson & Evans, on J street, between Fourth and Fifth, for the best shot at the match at the Lake House, which commences to-morrow afternoon. Peasley’s omnibuses will convey persons to the Lake House for fifty cents, being a very trifling sum for a six miles ride. 


District Court - Hon. G.T. BORRS, Judge

Ellen ROBINSON vs. L. SANDERS, Jr. - Demurrer overruled.

Mary LOFTUS vs. L. SANDERS, Jr. et al, Demurrer sustained. 


Submitted by Betty Loose betty@unisette.com
Sacramento Bee Saturday Evening October 30, 1858
PASSENGERS - In the overland mail coach, which left San Francisco on yesterday, by the 
Los Angeles route, the following named persons were passengers:  John RAY, G.W. DAVIS, 
Eli WILLIAMS, and E.J. BACON, to go through, and W.G. WOOD, Mr. CRAMPTON, 
and Wm. BARROWS as way passengers.
ALL IN THE FAMILY - The San Joaquin Republican says that the George WASHINGTON, 
who is the new editor of the San Francisco National, is a brother to B.F. 
WASHINGTON, collector of the port of San Francisco.
THE LATE THOS. O LARKIN - The San Francisco Society of Pioneers, held a
meeting at their rooms on last Thursday evening, and adopted an appropriate 
wheras and resolutions, regarding the death of Thos. O. Larkin, one of their 
members, and lately President of the society.
"THE LYCEUM GAZETTE" is the title of a little daily paper issued every morning 
in San Francisco, by Mart TAYLOR, and is devoted mainly to advertising theatrical 
attractions at the San Francisco Lyceum.
MELTING AWAY - The wife of B. RICHARDSON, who resides in New York, the 
husband residing in San Francisco, obtained a divorce from her husband in 1856. He 
owning property held at $300,000, was doomed to pay her $1,500 per year. On 
further investigation, in 1858, the $300,000, like some other California piles, had dwindled
 down to $15,000, and the alimony was cut down to $500 per year. From that it was still 
further reduced to $364 per year -a rather small stipend for a California "millionaire."
COLLECTED FROM TAXES - The sheriff to-day paid into the Treasury, the sum 
Of $17,841.69, of which $4,240.58 was on account of city taxes, and $6,825.10 for county 
CASES APPEALED - The cases of E.W. SWIFT, who was fined $100 and costs, 
and Oliver GANONG, who was fined $400 and costs, were appealed to the county 
Court, to-day. 
SETH SMITH, of Chatliam Four Corners, New York, a man 84 years of age, recently gave 
an entertainment to fourteen of his friends and associates. The oldest of the party was 93, 
and the youngest 78. The aggregate of their ages amounted to 1,081 years.
WHAT is the difference between a student of philosophy and a book-keeper?  The one 
stores his mind with knowlege and the other minds the knowledge of his store.
Submitted by Betty Loose betty@unisette.com

Sacramento Bee 
Tuesday Evening Nov 9, 1858

DISCONTINUED BUSINESS - It will be seen by a notice in another column that the Alta Express Company had discontinues business from this date, and request all parties indebted to come up and pay. The cause for giving up business is want of patronage; but we are confident that such is no fault of the enterprising gentlemen connected the Company, who, in the past, have done all that men could do, to make it successful. To the agent here, Mr. 
FORD, and the attachees, who have been so kind in the past, we return our sincere thanks, and trust that their future business operations will be as prosperous as they are desiring. From this time out, Wells, Fargo & Co., will have full sweep of the business.
RIVER STEAMERS - The Eclipse and the Princess, from San Francisco, both arrived about 10 o'clock this morning, having been detained by a dense fog - the former also tarried a while, through necessity, on the hog's back. 
The Eclipse brought 600 tons of freight, and nearly 400 passengers, while the Princess had all the freight and passengers she could carry. She did not leave San Francisco until a quarter to 10 o'clock last evening.
LOOKS SHABBY - The vicinity of the court house does not appear very tide, being strewn with waste papers and other disfiguring emblems of slovenliness. It is said that the State pays a porter $75 per month to take care of the building, but that his time is so much occupied n attending to the garden and private apartments of the worthy Secretary of State, that he is compelled to neglect the State. It would not be a bad idea for the State to hire an assistant porter, so that the Secretary can have the "principal" at his house all the time, he is so handy.
THE BUTCHERS' AND GROCERS' BALL - The ball given under the auspices of the Butchers and Grocers of Sacramento, is announced to take place this evening at Hamilton Hall, K. Street, and we doubt not but that it will be one of the largest and gayest parties of the season. Splendid music has been engaged, and carriages will be furnished free, while tickets are only three dollars.
It will be seen by a card in another column that it has been impossible to obtain a supper room, but the party will be no less pleasant on that account.
HIGHWAY ROBBERY - As. A.G. TABER and wife were returning to town last evening, and when near Lilse's bridge, they were stopped while in a buggy, and robbed of $15, all they surrendered. They were two highway-men, each having pistols, and one had his face partially disguised by a handkerchief.
CITY AND COUNTY TREASURER - At the close of business yesterday, there was in the city department of the treasury, $33,346.43, and in the county $65,514.97 of which $23,522.03 belongs to the State.
THE LEVEE - In the Board of Supervisors yesterday, the committee on Levee, through their able chairman, Mr. H.T. HOLMES, reported that most of the Levee was in good condition, but that several weak spots required attention.
It is to be hoped that an immediate appropriation will be made, and the entire embankment put in excellent order.
APPLES - HOME RAISED - ANTROBUS, 81 K Street, left upon our table last evening a small basket of California apples, grown in the Napa Valley. 
They may be classified among the best that we have eaten this season, and equal, in fact, to those on which of evenings it was our wont to regale in other lands that lie nearer to the rising sun.
HAS BECOME A RESIDENT - We understand that the worthy Collector of Sacramento, who, although he has held office over a year, never has resided here over a day or two at a time, has finally concluded to take up his residence among us, and actually talks of hiring a house in town. We are pleased to welcome him as a resident of the Capitol City.
SOIREE DASANTE - There will be a subscription party at Mr. HEYMAN's new hall, over the Post Office, on 4th street, Saturday evening next.
At the meeting of the Board yesterday, for the purpose of electing officers for the ensuing quarter, the following resolutions were offered by Supervisor LEAVITT, and voted down by the votes of the four country members, assisted by Elmer GRANGER in this city, who, by so doing, cast an insult upon our citizens that never can be effaced:
"Resolved, That we recognize the right of the citizens of the city and county of Sacramento to petition this Board for action in matters pertaining to their interests, and that it is our duty to grant such petition when presented be a large and respectable body of tax-paying citizens, unless good cause can be shown why such petition should de denied; and, as members from different portions of the county, upon the presentation of a respectful and numerously signed petition from the tax-paying citizens of any portion of the county other than that which we represent, and such petition is favorably considered by the Supervisor or Supervisors of the aforesaid portion of the county, respect to such petition, as also courtesy to the Supervisors from such location, and our duty as Supervisors, demand that we should grant such petition."
By voting down the above, Mr. Granger denies to the tax-payers of Sacramento the right of being heard by petition.
"Resolved, That in matters before this Board pertaining purely and entirely to the interests of the tax-payers and citizens of the city of Sacramento, such matters, by right and courtesy, should be submitted to the delegation."
By voting against the above, Mr. Granger again violated the trusts imposed upon him by the people of Sacramento whom they cast their ballots for him last fall.
"Resolved, That the time-honored custom in selecting policemen for the protection of the lives and property of the citizens of Sacramento, which is to allow each member of the Council or Board of Supervisor's the privilege of appointing one who shall be elected, prevail in this Board in the selection of policemen to-day."
By voting against the above, Mr. Granger allowed the residents of the country to appoint policemen for this city.
After voting down, by a vote of 5 to 3, all of the above resolutions, the following caucus nominees were elected: Clerk of Water-Works, John A.  TUTT; Engineer of Water-Works, Thorne COLE; Stewards of Fire Department, John ISAACS and M.O. MARA, Chief of Police, J.P. HARDY; Lieutenant of Police, Dan'l H. WHEPLEY; Policeman - O.F.C. GRAVES, J.F. CLARK, Wm. MACE, T. CODY, William KEISER, Daniel C. GAY, Samuel DEAL, J. McCLORY.
The board then adjourned till Tuesday at 10 o'clock.
ROBBERY - The dwelling of Barney HONE, at Santa Rosa, was entered on last Sunday night and $3,500 in cash, and $3,000 in county scrip, stolen. The burglars escaped.
Nov. 6 - Schr Olivia, Allen, La Paz.
Nov 7 - Schr Ortolan, Bruce, Pigeon Point. Schr Palestine, lamb, salt Point. Schr S D Bailey, Curtis, Santa Cruz.
Nov 8 - Schr Odd fellow, Cobb, Pajaro. Schr Falmouth, Morgan, Monterey
Nov. 6 - Steamer Panama, Dall, Victoria Ship Beporter, Howes, Manila Russian bark Astres, Nyland, Callao. Bark America, Sparrow, Puget Sound. Schr Equity, Hanson, Shoalwater Bay.
Nov.7 - Bark N S Perkins, Fiske, Puget Sound Schr Page, Morehouse, Victoria Schr A M Simpson, Easton, whaling. Schr Julia, Bennett, Carmel Bay.

Submitted by Betty Loose betty@unisette.com



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