No. 7292---Sept. 28, 1876


WILL.—APPOINTMENT OF EXECUTOR.—Where it can be fairly determined who is the person nominated as executor, inaccuracies in

designating him, (he being the chief officer of one of the subordinate assemblies of a secret benevolent corporation or order,) may be

explained by testimony extrinsic to the will; and the person intended by the testator will receive the letters.

Construing sections, C. C., 1340, 1371.



Barstow, Stetson & Houghton, for executor.


Tully R. Wise and E. P. Cole, contra.



            Application for probate of will.  The question is as to appointment of an executor.  The will reads:

            “ I appoint Mr. Pierre Theas, merchant, of the said City and County of San Francisco, actually the President of the Grove ‘Perseverance’ No.  10, A. O. U. D., of the said City and County of San Francisco, or his successor in office at the time of my death, to be executor,”  &c., &c.

            Deceased was a member of a society known as the United Ancient Order of Druids, which is composed of subordinate bodies called “Groves”.  The Grove to which he belonged was composed of French-speaking men, and its proceedings were in the French language.  The name of the order was, in French,  L’Ancien Ordre Uni des Druides,” and the letters A. O. U. D. were used by the French; Americans used the letters U. A. O. D.  There is no officer known as President; the presiding office is called Noble Arch.  At the date of the will Philip Theas (not Pierre) was Noble Arch of Perseverance Grove No. 10, of which Grove deceased was a member.  His term of office expired, and a testator’s death proponent was Noble Arch of Perseverance Grove No. 10.



            By the COURT:  Proponent is entitled to letters.  The variance in the initial letters and the name of the office is fully accounted for; and the proponent is designated by his office.




Transcribed by Pat Seabolt.

© 2007 Pat Seabolt.